NAME

guestfs-release-notes - libguestfs Release Notes

RELEASE NOTES FOR LIBGUESTFS 1.28

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.26.0). For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

Tools

virt-v2v(1) and virt-p2v(1) are tools for converting from foreign hypervisors (such as VMware or Xen) or physical machines, to KVM. These tools were previously a separate project. The code for both tools has been integrated into the libguestfs tree. As part of the refactoring, virt-p2v has been rewritten (from Ruby, now C), and virt-v2v now uses several modern features of qemu which make it run many times faster than before. virt-v2v(1) can import from: VMware vCenter, VMware OVA files, local disk files, libvirt, RHEL 5 Xen. It can output to: oVirt or Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization (RHEV-M), OpenStack Glance, libvirt, qemu, local disk files.

virt-log(1) is a new tool for listing log files from guests. It supports a variety of guests including Linux traditional, Linux using journal, and Windows event log.

virt-builder(1) has a new --machine-readable option to make it simpler to consume virt-builder from other programs.

New virt-builder(1) and virt-customize(1) --chmod option.

virt-sysprep(1) will now remove: systemd journals, anaconda logs, lightdm logs, debian-installer files, apt logs, exim logs, ConsoleKit logs, firewalld logs, grubby logs, proftpd logs, libvirt/libxml logs, and several other log files. The virt-sysprep user-account operation is now able to remove or keep particular user accounts. (Pino Toscano).

New guestmount(1) --fd option, allowing you to run guestmount captive under another process.

virt-sparsify(1) has a new --tmp option allowing you to precisely control where temporary files are stored.

virt-sparsify(1) can now write to a block device.

virt-customize(1) and virt-sysprep(1) now support adding firstboot scripts to Windows guests.

virt-cat(1), virt-edit(1), virt-ls(1) now support the -m option, allowing you to override automatic inspection of guests and instead specify where to mount partitions (Pino Toscano).

The virt tools now have coloured output: green for OK, red for errors, blue for warnings.

Language bindings

You can build a Python distribution using make -C python sdist

Ruby bindings have switched from Test::Unit to MiniTest.

The Java bindings are now compatible with OpenJDK 8 (Pino Toscano).

Inspection

Oracle Linux is returned as oraclelinux (Nikos Skalkotos).

Linux guests which do not have /etc/fstab can now be handled (Pino Toscano).

Minix is returned as minix (Pino Toscano).

Architectures

Aarch64 (64 bit ARM) support has been added.

Inspection and the guestfs_file_architecture call can now recognize arm (32 bit) and aarch64 guests.

Security

CVE-2014-0191 Network usage and entity resolution in XML parsing

Libguestfs previously used unsafe libxml2 APIs for parsing libvirt XML. These APIs defaulted to allowing network connections to be made when certain XML documents were presented. Using a malformed XML document it was also possible to exhaust all CPU, memory or file descriptors on the machine.

Since the libvirt XML comes from a trusted source (the libvirt daemon) it is not thought that this could have been exploitable.

This was fixed in libguestfs ≥ 1.27.9 and the fix was backported to stable versions ≥ 1.26.2, ≥ 1.24.9, ≥ 1.22.10 and ≥ 1.20.13. (Thanks: Dan Berrange, Pino Toscano).

Shellshock (bash CVE-2014-6271)

This bash bug indirectly affects libguestfs. For more information see: https://www.redhat.com/archives/libguestfs/2014-September/msg00252.html

API

New APIs

guestfs_clear_backend_setting
guestfs_get_backend_setting
guestfs_set_backend_setting

Use these APIs to set individual backend settings.

guestfs_cpio_out

Convert a directory within the disk image to cpio format.

guestfs_journal_get_realtime_usec

Fetch precise journal times, see sd_journal_get_realtime_usec(3).

guestfs_lstatns
guestfs_lstatnslist
guestfs_statns

Enhanced versions of guestfs_lstat, guestfs_lstatlist, guestfs_stat which return nanosecond timestamps.

Build changes

Libguestfs can now be built with qemu 2.x.

Add support for packaging the appliance on Mageia (Joseph Wang, Thierry Vignaud).

Augeas is now a required dependency.

Flex and bison are now required dependencies.

Internals

User-Mode Linux (UML) is no longer a supported backend (although still available). It will be supported again once someone steps in and fixes various regressions and brokenness in the UML (Linux) kernel.

You can now connect gdb to qemu by specifying LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND_SETTINGS=gdb

Serial BIOS (sgabios) is now used by the libvirt backend (on x86 only) so that we see early BIOS messages.

For the OCaml virt tools, exceptions are now handled and printed by a common function.

A GCC warning about large stack frames is now enabled by default. Several places that used large arrays and structures on the stack have been fixed.

There is now a test for booting the appliance repeatedly. Useful for finding kernel leaks. See: tests/qemu/qemu-boot.c

There is a test for testing the speed of various qemu features such as virtio-serial uploads and block device writes. See: tests/qemu/qemu-speed-test.c

GCC warnings are now enabled for OCaml-C bindings in the OCaml virt tools.

The code for editing files used by virt-edit(1), guestfish(1) edit command, virt-customize(1) --edit option and more is now shared between all these utilities (thanks Pino Toscano).

The FUSE tests were rewritten in C to ensure finer control over how system calls are tested.

The update-bugs.sh script has been fixed so it should no longer create an empty BUGS file if the Bugzilla server is unavailable.

The virt-resize(1) tests now use a stochastic method to ensure much deeper and broader testing.

When the network is enabled, the appliance now uses DHCP to acquire an IP address.

If libvirt is being used then the appliance will connect to virbr0 (can be overridden by setting LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND_SETTINGS=network_bridge=<some_bridge>). This enables full-featured network connections, with working ICMP, ping and so on.

Bugs fixed

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1153515

empty (but set) LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND prints libguestfs: error: invalid backend:

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1151766

libguestfs-bash-completion package contains file /usr/share/bash-completion/completions/virt-log, but no _virt_log() function in that file

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1151738

typo error in man page of virt-edit

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1151033

virt-v2v conversions from VMware vCenter server run slowly

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1150880

virt-v2v: warning: display <graphics type='sdl'> was ignored when converting rhel5 guest with sdl graphics

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1150867

'copy-file-to-file /src /dest' create file /dest even if command 'copy-file-to-file /src /dest' failed

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1150815

Can not find "RECURSIVE LONG LISTING" in 'man virt-diff'

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1150701

virt-v2v does not fstrim data disks and non-mounted filesystems

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1150475

Exporting 2+ disk guest to RHEV, only one disk shows after import

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1148355

virt-filesystems: incorrect LVM vg name when listing Fedora 21 Alpha Atomic image filesystems

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1148072

Option missing --no-selinux-relabel

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1148012

RFE: Allow qemu-bridge-helper to be used to implement guestfs_set_network

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1146815

virt-v2v prints warning: /files/etc/fstab/8/spec references unknown device "cdrom"

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1146275

regression setting root password with virt-builder/virt-customize

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1146017

virt-v2v -v -x during windows guest conversion will hang at hivex: hivex_open: used block id ……

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1145995

Improve the error info when converting windows guest with unclean file system

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1145916

virt-v2v fails to convert win7 guest

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1144891

RFE: stat calls do not return nanosecond timestamps

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1144766

futimens() is a no-op via guestmount

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1144201

guestfish can not restore terminal's output colour when exit guestfish, if the terminal's background colour is black then it will make a inconvenient

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1143949

virt-customize option '--password-crypto' do not work

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1143887

Warning shows when converting guests to rhev:chown: changing ownership of ‘/tmp/v2v.u48xag/*.ovf’: Invalid argument

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1143883

warning shows when converting rhel7 guest:virt-v2v:could not update grub2 console: aug_get: no matching node (ignored)

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1143866

virt-v2v fails with error: cannot open Packages index using db5

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1142416

part-get-name give 'libguestfs: error: part_get_name: parted does not support the machine output (-m)' error message when run 'part-get-name /dev/sda 1'

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1142186

virt-sysprep option '--mount-options' don't work well

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1142158

Illegal command 'part-get-name /dev/sda1 1' cause libguestfs appliance crashed

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1142004

virt-v2v prints waring:WARNING:/files/boot/grub/device.map references unknown device "xvda"

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1141723

virt-v2v: error: disk sda has no defined format shows when converting xen hvm guest

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1141680

[RFE] virt-v2 should support convert a domain with using domain's UUID instead of domain name

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1141631

[RFE] virt-v2 should support convert a guest to a dir-pool with using pool's uuid

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1141157

virt-sysprep option '--user-accounts' don't work well

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1141145

virt-v2v fails to convert xen pv guests.

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1141113

virt-v2v fails to convert esx guests

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1140946

qemu-img shows error message for backing file twice

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1140894

No error messages output if append '--format qcow2' after '-a guest.img', guest.img is a raw format image file

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1140547

virt-builder option '--format' don't work well

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1140156

RFE: Export to RHEV data domain

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1140050

No error shows when multiple conflicting options used with virt-v2v

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1139973

Improve the error info when converting xen guest with no passwordless SSH access configured

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1139543

Improve the error info when converting guest with no space left

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1138586

No error shows when converting running guest with virt-v2v

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1138184

virt-v2v will fail when converting guests with initramfs-*kdump.img under /boot

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1138182

xen guest will be kernel panic after converted by virt-v2v

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1130189

Annoying message about permissions of /dev/kvm

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1123007

libguestfs 'direct' backend should close file descriptors before exec-ing qemu to avoid leaking !O_CLOEXEC fds

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1122557

virt-sparsify overwrites block devices if used as output files

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1113156

Empty fstab breaks libguestfs inspection

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1111662

Guestfs.Error("vgchange_uuid_all: Volume group has active logical volumes")

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1109174

virt-win-reg manual page is corrupted

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1106548

root gets an error accessing to a non-root dir on a snapshot guestmount VMDK img

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1103877

These APIs also need to add to `guestfish -h` command list

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1102448

mageia package list is incorrect

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1102447

libguestfs 1.27.13 does not build due to libxml library order

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1100498

RFE: non-polling mechanism to detect guestmount --no-fork readiness

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1099490

scrub-file can't handle link file

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1099284

typo errors in man pages

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1098718

RFE: virt-builder aliases

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1096465

virt-builder "proxy=off" setting doesn't turn off the proxy for downloads

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1094746

virt-sparsify man failes to mention what happens to snapshots within a qcow2 image (they are discarded)

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1092753

virt-builder: If several repos contain the same os-version images, then they are duplicated in -l output

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1091803

tar-in-opts execute failed that cause libguestfs appliance crashed

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1088424

virt-resize: libguestfs error: part_set_name: parted: /dev/sdb: Error during translation: Invalid or incomplete multibyte or wide character

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1088262

virt-builder cannot write to a block device

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1085029

Ruby tests fail with latest Ruby

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1079210

virt-sparsify --in-place cannot sparsify as much as it should

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1079182

virt-df cannot report used disk space of windows guest when updated to 6.5

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1077817

virt-builder error: "syntax error at line 3: syntax error"

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1056290

virt-sparsify overwrites block devices if used as output files

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/812970

virt-rescue cannot set ≥<rescue> prompt, on Ubuntu 12.04

RELEASE NOTES FOR LIBGUESTFS 1.26

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.24.0). For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

Tools

virt-customize(1) is a new tool for customizing virtual machine disk images. It lets you install packages, edit configuration files, run scripts, set passwords and so on. virt-builder(1) and virt-sysprep(1) use virt-customize, and command line options across all these tools are now identical.

virt-diff(1) is a new tool for showing the differences between the filesystems of two virtual machines. It is mainly useful when showing what files have been changed between snapshots.

virt-builder(1) has been greatly enhanced. There are many more ways to customize the virtual machine. It can pull templates from multiple repositories. A parallelized internal xzcat implementation speeds up template decompression. Virt-builder uses an optimizing planner to choose the fastest way to build the VM. It is now easier to use virt-builder from other programs. Internationalization support has been added to metadata. More efficient SELinux relabelling of files. Can build guests for multiple architectures. Error messages have been improved. (Pino Toscano)

virt-sparsify(1) has a new --in-place option. This sparsifies an image in place (without copying it) and is also much faster. (Lots of help provided by Paolo Bonzini)

virt-sysprep(1) can delete and scrub files under user control. You can lock user accounts or set random passwords on accounts. Can remove more log files. Can unsubscribe a guest from Red Hat Subscription Manager. New flexible way to enable and disable operations. (Wanlong Gao, Pino Toscano)

virt-win-reg(1) allows you to use URIs to specify remote disk images.

virt-format(1) can now pass the extra space that it recovers back to the host.

guestfish(1) has additional environment variables to give fine control over the ><fs> prompt. Guestfish reads its (rarely used) configuration file in a different order now so that local settings override global settings. (Pino Toscano)

virt-make-fs(1) was rewritten in C, but is unchanged in terms of functionality and command line usage.

Language bindings

The OCaml bindings have a new Guestfs.Errno module, used to check the error number returned by Guestfs.last_errno.

PHP tests now work. (Pino Toscano)

Inspection

Inspection can recognize Debian live images.

Architectures

ARMv7 (32 bit) now supports KVM acceleration.

Aarch64 (ARM 64 bit) is supported, but the appliance part does not work yet.

PPC64 support has been fixed and enhanced.

Security

Denial of service when inspecting disk images with corrupt btrfs volumes

It was possible to crash libguestfs (and programs that use libguestfs as a library) by presenting a disk image containing a corrupt btrfs volume.

This was caused by a NULL pointer dereference causing a denial of service, and is not thought to be exploitable any further.

See commit d70ceb4cbea165c960710576efac5a5716055486 for the fix. This fix is included in libguestfs stable branches ≥ 1.26.0, ≥ 1.24.6 and ≥ 1.22.8, and also in RHEL ≥ 7.0. Earlier versions of libguestfs are not vulnerable.

Better generation of random root passwords and random seeds

When generating random root passwords and random seeds, two bugs were fixed which are possibly security related. Firstly we no longer read excessive bytes from /dev/urandom (most of which were just thrown away). Secondly we changed the code to avoid modulo bias. These issues were not thought to be exploitable. (Both changes suggested by Edwin Török)

API

GUID parameters are now validated when they are passed to API calls, whereas previously you could have passed any string. (Pino Toscano)

New APIs

guestfs_add_drive_opts: new discard parameter

The new discard parameter allows fine-grained control over discard/trim support for a particular disk. This allows the host file to become more sparse (or thin-provisioned) when you delete files or issue the guestfs_fstrim API call.

guestfs_add_domain: new parameters: cachemode, discard

These parameters are passed through when adding the domain's disks.

guestfs_blkdiscard

Discard all blocks on a guestfs device. Combined with the discard parameter above, this makes the host file sparse.

guestfs_blkdiscardzeroes

Test if discarded blocks read back as zeroes.

guestfs_compare_*
guestfs_copy_*

For each struct returned through the API, libguestfs now generates guestfs_compare_* and guestfs_copy_* functions to allow you to compare and copy structs.

guestfs_copy_attributes

Copy attributes (like permissions, xattrs, ownership) from one file to another. (Pino Toscano)

guestfs_disk_create

A flexible API for creating empty disk images from scratch. This avoids the need to call out to external programs like qemu-img(1).

guestfs_get_backend_settings
guestfs_set_backend_settings

Per-backend settings (can also be set via the environment variable LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND_SETTINGS). The main use for this is forcing TCG mode in the qemu-based backends, for example:

 export LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND=direct
 export LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND_SETTINGS=force_tcg
guestfs_part_get_name

Get the label or name of a partition (for GPT disk images).

Build changes

The following extra packages are required to build libguestfs 1.26:

supermin ≥ 5

Supermin version 5 is required to build this version of libguestfs.

flex, bison

Virt-builder now uses a real parser to parse its metadata file, so these tools are required.

xz

This is now a required build dependency, where previously it was (in theory) optional.

Internals

PO message extraction rewritten to be more robust. (Pino Toscano)

podwrapper gives an error if the --insert or --verbatim argument pattern is not found.

Libguestfs now passes the qemu -enable-fips option to enable FIPS, if qemu supports it.

./configure --without-qemu can be used if you don't want to specify a default hypervisor.

Copy-on-write [COW] overlays, used for example for read-only drives, are now created through an internal backend API (.create_cow_overlay).

Libvirt backend uses some funky C macros to generate XML. These are simpler and safer.

The ChangeLog file format has changed. It is now just the same as git log, instead of using a custom format.

Appliance start-up has changed:

Libguestfs can now be built on arches that have ocamlc(1) but not ocamlopt(1). (Hilko Bengen, Olaf Hering)

You cannot use ./configure --disable-daemon --enable-appliance. It made no sense anyway. Now it is expressly forbidden by the configure script.

The packagelist file uses m4 for macro expansion instead of cpp.

Bugs fixed

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1073906

java bindings inspect_list_applications2 throws java.lang.ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException:

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1063374

[RFE] enable subscription manager clean or unregister operation to sysprep

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1060404

virt-resize does not preserve GPT partition names

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1057504

mount-local should give a clearer error if root is not mounted

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1056290

virt-sparsify overwrites block devices if used as output files

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1055452

libguestfs: error: invalid backend: appliance

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1054761

guestfs_pvs prints "unknown device" if a physical volume is missing

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1053847

Recommended default clock/timer settings

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1046509

ruby-libguestfs throws "expecting 0 or 1 arguments" on Guestfs::Guestfs.new

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1045450

Cannot inspect cirros 0.3.1 disk image fully

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1045033

LIBVIRT_DEFAULT_URI=qemu:///system breaks libguestfs

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1044585

virt-builder network (eg. --install) doesn't work if resolv.conf sets nameserver 127.0.0.1

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1044014

When SSSD is installed, libvirt configuration requires authentication, but not clear to user

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1039995

virt-make-fs fails making fat/vfat whole disk: Device partition expected, not making filesystem on entire device '/dev/sda' (use -I to override)

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1039540

virt-sysprep to delete more logfiles

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1033207

RFE: libguestfs inspection does not recognize Free4NAS live CD

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1028660

RFE: virt-sysprep/virt-builder should have an option to lock a user account

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1026688

libguestfs fails examining libvirt guest with ceph drives: rbd: image name must begin with a '/'

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1022431

virt-builder fails if $HOME/.cache doesn't exist

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1022184

libguestfs: do not use versioned jar file

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1020806

All libguestfs LVM operations fail on Debian/Ubuntu

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1008417

Need update helpout of part-set-gpt-type

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/953907

virt-sysprep does not correctly set the hostname on Debian/Ubuntu

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/923355

guestfish prints literal "\n" in error messages

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/660687

guestmount: "touch" command fails: touch: setting times of `timestamp': Invalid argument

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/593511

[RFE] function to get partition name

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/563450

list-devices returns devices of different types out of order

RELEASE NOTES FOR LIBGUESTFS 1.24

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.22.0). For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

User-Mode Linux (UML) can be used as an alternative backend (ie. instead of KVM). This improves performance especially when using libguestfs inside a VM (eg. in the cloud). UML is supported as a first-class backend. See "USER-MODE LINUX BACKEND" in guestfs(3) for how to use this.

ARM (32 bit) and PPC64 are now fully supported.

Tools

virt-builder(1) is a new tool for building virtual machine images. It lets you rapidly and securely create guests and customize them.

New virt-sysprep(1) operations: Remove files in /tmp and /var/tmp. Remove RPM database files. Change root and user passwords. More log files are removed. New operations which are not enabled by default: Create random UUIDs for filesystems. Reset firewall rules. (Wanlong Gao)

virt-resize(1) and virt-sysprep can now use URIs to specify a remote disk.

Use guestfish -N filename=type to create a named disk image (instead of the default test1.img etc).

virt-sparsify(1) now tests if there is enough disk space to complete the operation, instead of possibly running out of space half way through.

virt-format(1) and virt-make-fs(1): new --label option for setting filesystem label.

virt-resize --no-sparse flag can be used to resize on to partitions and other targets that are not zeroed.

Language bindings

New bindings for the Go programming language.

API

Support for the systemd journal.

guestfs_add_drive_opts can now control the qemu caching mode through a new cachemode parameter. You can select improved performance for temporary drives, or safety.

guestfs_set_label now works for XFS and btrfs.

New GUESTFS_EVENT_WARNING event for warning messages.

Inspection

Better inspection of SUSE guests (Olaf Hering).

Better support for non-standard Windows %systemroot% (Matthew Booth).

Enhanced error reporting for Augeas errors.

Security

CVE-2013-2124

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=968306

A denial of service was possible when inspecting certain guests. The fix has been backported to 1.20 and 1.22 branches.

CVE-2013-4419

https://www.redhat.com/archives/libguestfs/2013-October/msg00031.html

Fix insecure temporary directory handling for remote guestfish. The fix has been backported to 1.20 and 1.22 branches.

New APIs

 add-drive-scratch: Add a temporary scratch drive
 aug-label
 aug-setm
 journal-open: Systemd journal support
 journal-close
 journal-next
 journal-skip
 journal-get
 journal-get-data-threshold
 journal-set-data-threshold
 remount: Allow rw flag to be adjusted on mounted filesystems
 set-uuid: Set UUID of filesystem

is-file, is-dir, is-blockdev, is-chardev, is-fifo, is-socket APIs now have an extra followsymlinks flag.

add-drive has a new cachemode parameter.

Build changes

The following packages are required to build libguestfs 1.24:

Augeas ≥ 1.0.0

The following optional packages may be added to enhance functionality but are not required:

sd-journal

To read journal files from guests which use that.

url_mkcow

For UML backend.

curl
gpg
xz

For virt-builder.

golang ≥ 1.1.1

For Go language bindings.

Internals

New make check-* rules replace make extra-tests. See make help and guestfs(3) for details.

Perl code can now be valgrinded.

Inspection code is now fuzz-tested.

make no longer recurses into the generator directory in every other directory. This reduces the overhead of builds considerably.

Additional tests for Augeas, hivex.

Add a launch timeout of 20 minutes waiting for the appliance to start up.

Add a timeout (4 hours) to all tests so we can catch the case where qemu or other components hang.

Use kvmclock and -cpu host. This improves clock stability and overall performance.

./configure --enable-packet-dump mode is fixed.

./configure --enable-valgrind-daemon mode has been rewritten. It is now feasible for developers to keep this flag enabled at all times.

Backends have been refactored to be modular (although they are not actually loadable modules).

When enabled, the network now uses resolver configuration (ie. /etc/resolv.conf) from the host.

Bugs fixed

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1019889

libguestfs-tools.conf should have a man page

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1018149

valgrind errors in btrfs_subvolume_list

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1002032

mke2fs can't return the correct filesystem type when blockscount is less than 2048 for ext3

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1001876

Update "rsync-out" helpout for using wildcard

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1001875

Argument 'excludes' of tar-out does not work

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1000428

virt-format uses wrong partition type for vfat filesystems

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1000121

'sh' command before mount causes daemon to segfault

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/998513

guestfish does not work when you mix --remote and --add options

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/998482

guestfish remote prints "libguestfs: error: waitpid (qemu): No child processes"

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/995711

list-filesystems command fails if there are no block devices

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/994517

cache=none/O_DIRECT workaround doesn't work for images with backing files

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/989356

cap-get-file will return error if the file has not be set capabilities

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/986877

RFE: Implement set-uuid command

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/986875

RFE: Implement set-label for xfs

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/985269

Can't set acl value for a specified user with 'acl-set-file'

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/983218

libguestfs double free when kernel link fails during launch

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/981715

Make xfs filesystem failed with specified blocksize, gives "unknown option -b" error

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/981683

"hivex-commit" should fail with a relative path

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/981663

disk-format "qemu-img info: JSON parse error" when target file does not exist

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/978302

mke2fs-J should give a meaningful error when specified type is anything except 'ext{2,3,4}'

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/975797

Specifying virtio interface ('iface' parameter) breaks the direct backend - libguestfs hangs

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/975753

"virt-resize --expand" and "virt-resize --resize" outputs error message for Win2008 32bit OS

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/975412

inspection: Augeas expressions are broken with augeas >= 0.10

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/974904

virt-resize --expand fails on Ubuntu Cloud Image

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/974489

Regression: Fedora inspection broken by change from guestfs_exists to guestfs_is_file

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/972775

txz-out command produces a bzip2-compressed file (should be xz-compressed)

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/969845

upload to a directory occasionally hangs instead of failing

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/968875

virt-sysprep should support URL-type arguments

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/624334

blockdev-setbsz succeeds, but does not affect blockdev-getbsz

RELEASE NOTES FOR LIBGUESTFS 1.22

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.20.0). For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

API

Remote access to disks:

The SYSLINUX and EXTLINUX bootloaders can now be installed in disk images using the API.

Inspection can now handle filesystems such as btrfs where subvolumes are separately mountable (Matthew Booth).

"Attach methods" are now known as "backends". Compatibility with existing code is preserved.

Filenames can contain ':', as long as newer QEMU is being used.

Tools

Virt-alignment-scan and virt-df scan multiple guests in parallel.

Guestmount now passes errno accurately back to userspace in almost all cases.

Guestfish and other tools can now use a URI-like syntax to access remote disks, eg:

 guestfish -a ssh://example.com/path/to/disk.img

Guestfish and guestmount now allow you to specify the filesystem type when mounting, which is more secure (Dave Vasilevsky).

Guestfish is now the "guest filesystem shell".

Guestfish allows only 1 true t yes y on 0 false f no n off for boolean values (case insensitive), and gives an error for all other strings.

New tool guestunmount for unmounting FUSE filesystems safely.

guestmount --no-fork flag prevents guestmount from daemonizing.

Virt-resize now uses sparse copies by default, saving considerable space for guests which are mostly empty.

Bash tab completion has been rewritten and can now handle most tools, and correctly tab-complete --long options. In addition, bash completion scripts are loaded on demand.

Language bindings

The Java API now supports events.

The Python object now inherits from the object base class.

Python methods which previously returned lists of tuples can now be made to return a Python dict. For backwards compatibility, you have to enable this by using the constructor option guestfs.GuestFS (python_return_dict=True).

The PHP bindings are now tested properly, and have had multiple fixes.

The long-deprecated Perl Sys::Guestfs::Lib library has been removed. https://www.redhat.com/archives/libguestfs/2013-April/msg00001.html

Examples

New example program showing how to enable debugging and capture log messages.

Other

Distributors can add arbitrary extra packages to the appliance by doing:

 ./configure --with-extra-packages="list of package names"

Distributors can use:

 ./configure --with-supermin-extra-options="..."

to add arbitrary extra options to supermin.

Security

No security issues were found in this release.

New APIs

 cp-r
 extlinux
 feature-available
 get-program
 is-whole-device
 part-get-gpt-type
 part-set-gpt-type
 rename
 set-program
 syslinux

C only:

 guestfs_event_to_string

Internals

The febootstrap tool has now been renamed to "supermin". Libguestfs can use either, but now prefers "supermin". http://people.redhat.com/~rjones/supermin/

libxml2 is required to build libguestfs.

The hivexregedit program (from hivex) is required to build from git.

Internal functions can no longer be used unless the caller defines -DGUESTFS_PRIVATE=1.

Enable C compiler warnings in Python, Ruby bindings.

Fail early and clearly if libvirt does not support qemu/KVM (eg. if default libvirt connection is to Xen).

make print-subdirs rule, useful for selectively running tests.

Multiple fixes to allow separated (sourcedir != builddir) builds.

Multiple fixes to Haskell bindings.

ln and ln-f APIs now capture errno correctly.

Language binding tests use (mostly) a standard numbering scheme and aim to test the same range of features in each language. Also the number of launches required has been reduced so these tests should run much more quickly.

Library code internally uses GCC __attribute__((cleanup)) (if available) to simplify memory allocation.

Internal header files have been reorganized. See the comments in src/guestfs-internal*.h

Internal code shared between the library and certain tools is now located in a static libutils library.

Almost all subdirectories can now use parallel builds, although note that the top-level directories still build in series.

Use of PATH_MAX and NAME_MAX has been eliminated from the code.

The Java API now requires JVM ≥ 1.6.

Force use of serial-tests with automake ≥ 1.12.

Use of sockets in the library protocol layer is abstracted, allowing other non-POSIX layers to be added in future (see src/conn-socket.c).

qemu-img info --output json is used if available, for more secure parsing of the output of this command.

Distros can now use make INSTALLDIRS=vendor install to place Ruby bindings in vendordir. This eliminates a non-upstream patch carried by both Fedora and Debian.

Valgrind log files are now written to tmp/valgrind-DATE-PID.log

make clean cleans the local tmp/ directory.

The C API tests have been rewritten using a more flexible generator language that allows arbitrary C code to be executing during tests.

Bugs fixed

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/961812

Segfault in inspect-fs.c in mountable code

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/957772

tar-out and base64-out quoting error

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/957380

libguestfs: error: btrfsvol:/dev/sda2/root: root device not found: only call this function with a root device previously returned by guestfs_inspect_os

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/948324

inspection fails if libosinfo is not installed

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/928995

file on zero-sized file now produces "empty " instead of "empty"

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/921292

qemu: could not open disk image /tmp/.../snapshot1: Permission denied

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/921040

"error: external command failed, see earlier error messages" message needs to change

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/920225

libguestfs should use --output json (if supported) to safely parse the output of qemu-img command

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/916780

feature request: guestmount --with-cleanup-pipefd

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/914934

oom-killer kills guestfsd when tar-in a lot of data

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/914931

FileIn commands cause segfault if appliance dies during the file copy in

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/913145

Misc leaks in virNetClientProgramCall in libvirt 1.0.2

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/912499

Security context on image file gets reset

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/909836

libguestfs-test-tool --qemu segfaults

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/909624

Unexpected non-tail recursion in recv_from_daemon results in stack overflow in very long-running API calls that send progress messages

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/908322

virt-tar fails on non-existent directory names "error in chunked encoding at /home/rjones/d/libguestfs/tools/virt-tar line 272."

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/908321

virt-cat fails on directory names "/dev/stdout: error in chunked encoding"

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/907554

btrfs causes subsequent ntfs-3g filesystem to fail

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/905341

"No such file or directory" when execute "hivex-commit"

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/903620

btrfs_subvolume_list broken due to change in subvolume list output

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/895910

guestmount: rename() incorrectly follows symbolic links

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/895905

guestmount: link() incorrectly returns ENOENT, when it should be EXDEV

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/895904

checksums-out fail to compute the checksums of all regular files in directory

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/894545

libguestfs FTBFS on Fedora 19 because of new ruby

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/890027

virt-sysprep: Setting hostname, domain name and pretty name on Fedora 18 correctly

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/887971

pvcreate fails if partition contains a swap signature

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/887520

zero_free_space: open: /sysroot//ujqqq135.rd3: Cannot allocate memory

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/886915

libguestfs with libvirt attach-method fails with odd error if default hypervisor is Xen

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/847549

Adding a zero-length virtio-scsi disk causes: qemu-kvm: hw/scsi-bus.c:1568: scsi_req_complete: Assertion `req->status == -1' failed.

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/811649

libguestfs cannot open disk images which are symlinks to files that contain ':' (colon) character

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/664558

RFE: Allow to set log callback in Ruby bindings

RELEASE NOTES FOR LIBGUESTFS 1.20

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.18.0). For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

libvirt and sVirt (SELinux confinement)

You can optionally use libvirt to launch and manage the backend appliance by:

SVirt (SELinux confinement) is used to secure the libguestfs appliance, if the libvirt backend is selected.

virtio-scsi, larger number of drives, hotplugging

Virtio-scsi is now used by default, if it is available. This greatly increases the number of drives that can be added to a single libguestfs handle (up to 255).

You can now hotplug drives (add and remove drives after launch).

Libguestfs can now handle > 25 disks, in all APIs, tools and tests.

You can label drives when adding them, then refer to them by label (/dev/disk/guestfs/LABEL) instead of having to use device names (/dev/sda).

new library features

POSIX Access Control Lists (ACLs) and Linux filesystem capabilities can now be read and written through the API.

Windows Dynamic Disks are now supported. The metadata can only be read (volumes cannot be modified or created). However the data/filesystems in the volumes themselves can be mounted, read and written (Matthew Booth).

Hivex (Windows Registry editing) is now directly supported through the API, making reading or editing the Windows Registry much more efficient.

Several libguestfs APIs were reimplemented so they no longer have any limits on output. The reimplemented APIs are: guestfs_cat, guestfs_find, guestfs_read_file, guestfs_read_lines, guestfs_write, guestfs_write_append, guestfs_lstatlist, guestfs_lxattrlist, guestfs_readlinklist, guestfs_ls.

virt tools

guestfish touch 'win:c:\new_file' now works as expected.

guestfish has a new --network option, which enables the user network in libguestfs.

You can set GUESTFISH_PS1 to use fancy prompts in guestfish.

rsync, ssh, less and lrzip commands are now available in virt-rescue. In addition, rsync can be used through the API for doing incremental copies.

virt-sparsify uses qcow2 v3 for increased efficiency.

virt-sysprep enhancements:

virt-make-fs can now create virtual floppy disks (VFDs).

guestmount has a --pid-file option, which can be used to avoid a race condition between unmounting the filesystem and using the underlying disk image.

language bindings

Full-featured Lua bindings have been added in this release (thanks to Jerome Vuarand for many suggestions).

In Ruby, optional arguments hash is optional.

In Python, optional arguments now don't use special "sentinel" values, so any integer can be passed as an optional argument.

Erlang bindings now come with examples and tests.

Erlang bindings now handle 64 bit integer parameters correctly.

The automated 'bindtests' now test for 64 bit cleanliness in parameter passing. Several bugs in the bindings were found and fixed as a result.

Better handling of blocking and non-blocking functions should make libguestfs calls more efficient.

inspection

Windows guests with unlimited-sized Registries are now supported. By adding the hivex API to the libguestfs API, it is much more efficient and easier to inspect and modify the Windows Registry in guests.

Better support for SuSE guests (Olaf Hering).

Return the architecture of installed applications (John Eckersberg).

Windows 8 is now supported.

Fedora 18 is now supported.

Inspection of ISOs/CDs/DVDs can now use the libosinfo database.

ports

Libguestfs without the appliance can be compiled on Mac OS X (Masami HIRATA).

RHEL 5 is now explicitly supported through the 'oldlinux' branch in upstream git.

PowerPC 64 bit is now supported. Also libguestfs has been examined for endianness bugs and these have been fixed.

daemon

A man page for the daemon (guestfsd(8)) is included.

Security

guestfish history file

The $HOME/.guestfish history file is now created with 0600 permissions (instead of 0644 before) so it is no longer world readable.

CVE-2012-2690

Old versions of both virt-edit and the guestfish edit command created a new file containing the changes but did not set the permissions, etc of the new file to match the old one. The result of this was that if you edited a security sensitive file such as /etc/shadow then it would be left world-readable after the edit.

This issue was assigned CVE-2012-2690, and is fixed in libguestfs ≥ 1.16.

For further information, see https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=788642

New APIs

 acl-delete-def-file
 acl-get-file
 acl-set-file
 canonical-device-name
 cap-get-file
 cap-set-file
 create-flags
 device-index
 disk-has-backing-file
 disk-format
 disk-virtual-size
 filesystem-available
 fill-dir
 fstrim
 get-cachedir
 get-libvirt-requested-credentials
 get-libvirt-requested-credential-prompt
 get-libvirt-requested-credential-challenge
 get-libvirt-requested-credential-defresult
 get-tmpdir
 hivex-close
 hivex-commit
 hivex-node-add-child
 hivex-node-children
 hivex-node-delete-child
 hivex-node-get-child
 hivex-node-get-value
 hivex-node-name
 hivex-node-parent
 hivex-node-set-value
 hivex-node-values
 hivex-open
 hivex-root
 hivex-value-key
 hivex-value-type
 hivex-value-utf8
 hivex-value-value
 inspect-list-applications2 (John Eckersberg)
 list-ldm-volumes
 list-ldm-partitions
 ldmtool-create-all
 ldmtool-diskgroup-disks
 ldmtool-diskgroup-name
 ldmtool-diskgroup-volumes
 ldmtool-remove-all
 ldmtool-scan
 ldmtool-scan-devices
 ldmtool-volume-hint
 ldmtool-volume-partitions
 ldmtool-volume-type
 ls0
 max-disks
 mke2fs (Wanlong Gao)
 mklost-and-found
 mkswap [added label and uuid optional arguments]
 mktemp (Wanlong Gao)
 nr-devices
 parse-environment
 parse-environment-list
 rm-f
 rsync
 rsync-in
 rsync-out
 set-cachedir
 set-libvirt-supported-credentials
 set-libvirt-requested-credential
 set-tmpdir
 shutdown [backported to 1.16 and 1.18]
 tar-in [added compress flag]
 tar-out [added compress, numericowner, excludes flags]
 umount [added force and lazy optional arguments]
 utsname
 xfs-admin (Wanlong Gao)
 xfs-growfs (Wanlong Gao)
 xfs-info (Wanlong Gao)
 xfs-repair (Wanlong Gao)

In the C API only:

 guestfs_push_error_handler
 guestfs_pop_error_handler

Internals

qemu ≥ 1.1 is required (≥ 1.2 preferred).

febootstrap ≥ 3.20 is required.

libvirt is optional, but if you want to use the new libvirt backend for launching the appliance then libvirt ≥ 0.10.2 would be required.

Coverity has been run over the complete codebase, and many issues fixed (thanks Ondrej Vasik, Kamil Dudka).

Functions which previously had no optargs can now be converted to ones with optargs, making extending the API much more flexible. Source and binary backwards compatibility is preserved for users of the API.

The way that libguestfs APIs and structures are represented in the generator has changed to use an OCaml struct instead of a tuple. This makes generator descriptions more flexible and easier to understand. For details see commits 39d1a7db and eb185eef.

Separation of the library code into more files:

POD (documentation) is now generated using a rewritten Perl program instead of pod2* + shell scripts.

Man pages now contain stable dates (Hilko Bengen).

Skipped tests now exit with code 77, so they appear as SKIP: in make check output.

The parallel mount-local test has been rewritten in C (RHBZ#838081).

Ruby 1.8.5 is now supported (though Ruby ≥ 1.9 is preferred).

Perl bindings can be disabled via ./configure --disable-perl (Wulf C. Krueger). Note that Perl is still required in order to build libguestfs.

Java bindings are now enabled/disabled using ./configure --with-java or ./configure --without-java (Wulf C. Krueger).

New configure options ./configure --enable-code-profiling and ./configure --enable-code-coverage.

Multiple fixes to use of 64 bit integers in language bindings.

The appliance backend now uses sgabios instead of vgabios (Dan Berrange).

The ./run script now sets enough environment variables that you can run OCaml, Python, Ruby, Java, GJS, Erlang, Lua programs.

./run --test flag for running tests with minimal output. It also prints the time taken to run each test.

The ./run script now builds up paths cumulatively, meaning that you can use ./run twice, or use the libguestfs and libvirt ./run scripts together.

You can extract a list of external commands required by the daemon, making building the appliance on certain distros easier (Olaf Hering).

The virt-rescue command is now tested during make check.

The generator now removes unused generated files. This helps when going back and forth with git rebase, git bisect, etc.

Tests now run in a separate toplevel tmp/ directory in the source. This allows the directory to be labelled for SELinux (sVirt), and also makes it easier to clean up.

make syntax-check now works to a greater extent, and many problems in the main code that were found by syntax-check have been fixed (thanks Jim Meyering).

Emacs mode (-*- foo -*-) has been added to generated files.

Progress bar output is now sent to /dev/tty so it doesn't end up in the regular output of the program. virt-resize and virt-sparsify now suppress progress bars if stdout is not a tty.

There is now a ./configure --without-libvirt option. This is useful for testing that the code still compiles without libvirt.

There is now an internal mini-library for running commands. This allows us to redirect errors from external commands into events.

Code for handling temporary directories and the appliance cache was completely overhauled.

Code for temporarily ignoring/disabling errors now looks like this:

 guestfs_push_error_handler (g, NULL, NULL);
 guestfs_mkdir (g, "/foo"); /* We don't care if this fails. */
 guestfs_pop_error_handler (g);

The tests/extra directory has gone. The "extra tests" are now split into separately runnable targets, such as make check-valgrind. Use make help to get a summary of the targets.

The lpj option is passed to the appliance kernel when using TCG. This should improve clock stability (thanks Marcelo Tosatti, Olaf Hering).

Bugs fixed

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/882417

libguestfs tools fail with odd error messages if TMPDIR is not an absolute path

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/882299

Windows 8 guest disks can't be mounted: "The NTFS partition is in an unsafe state. Please resume and shutdown Windows fully (no hibernation or fast restarting), or mount the volume read-only with the 'ro' mount option."

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/881953

libguestfs: migration to /etc/hostname, /etc/vconsole.conf, /etc/locale.conf

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/880801

virt-df with two -a options displays incorrect disk image name

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/879416

libguestfs-test-tool pauses when you use --help option

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/876579

mke2fs API does not apply block device naming translation to journaldevice optarg

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/860235

SELinux policy ought to allow qemu to write to unconfined_u:object_r:user_tmp_t:s0

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/859949

RFE: inspect-list-applications does not return the architecture of RPM packages

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/859885

inspect-list-applications does not list all installed RPM packages with same name and different versions

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/859876

guestfish printed paths are not canonicalized

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/859875

Progress bar output should go to tty(?) stderr(?)

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/858696

virt-sysprep reports Guestfs.Error("read_lines: fopen: /etc/sysconfig/network: No such file or directory") on some Fedora guests

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/858128

libguestfs fail to list devices added by add-drive-ro-with-if twice

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/858126

virt-inspector fail to work with some windows guests

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/853762

virt-sparsify should use a more robust method to detect the input format

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/853393

libvirt doesn't label console, serial sockets

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/853159

virt-rescue in Fedora 18 is completely broken

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/852394

libguestfs inspection limits registries to 100 MiB

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/852194

virt-sparsify --compress fails if output is raw format

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/847881

RFE: allow extra arguments (like --exclude) to tar-out

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/847880

tar-out should allow (or force) --numeric-owner

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/845522

guestfish "copy-out / localdir" command fails with "No such file or directory"

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/845488

Long filenames on NTFS cause tar-out, copy-out etc to fail with error "Cannot open: File name too long"

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/842307

RFE: Need help designing and implementing selinux policy for libguestfs/sVirt

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/840572

virt-make-fs / tar-in should support vfat properly

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/840115

guestfish touch problem - case_sensitive_path API expects the file to exist

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/836710

Data loss when writing to qcow2-format disk files

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/834712

lvresize, lvresize-free fail unnecessarily if you don't change the size of the LV: "New size (nn extents) matches existing size (nn extents)"

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/824716

compress-device-out didn't support bzip2

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/824043

guestfish unrecognized mount option gives confusing error message

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/823887

Filenames containing Chinese characters can't be created on vfat filesystems

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/823885

virt-make-fs cannot create vfat filesystem containing filesystems with Chinese characters

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/823883

virt-make-fs -t fat fails with an obscure error message

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/823821

Inspection fails when /etc/HOSTNAME is empty

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/801117

libguestfs cannot get icon for Windows 8

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/798979

Ubuntu install CDs from oneiric onwards are not recognized: "multi-boot operating systems are not supported"

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/782167

libguestfs doesn't recognize Windows Dynamic disks in some configurations, eg. spanned

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/713678

Not all febootstrap messages are redirected to log callbacks

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/627675

libguestfs inspector code cannot handle /dev/disk/by-id/* paths

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/602997

part-get-bootable gives wrong result with an unordered part layout

RELEASE NOTES FOR LIBGUESTFS 1.18

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.16.0). For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

virt tools

   - virt-sysprep has been rewritten and expanded (thanks Wanlong Gao)
     http://libguestfs.org/virt-sysprep.1.html

   - virt-sparsify --zero is a new option that zeroes the named
     partition or filesystem

   - virt-sparsify can now safely sparsify Linux swap partitions

   - virt-sparsify fixed so it cleans up after ^C
     http://libguestfs.org/virt-sparsify.1.html

   - a new tool 'libguestfs-make-fixed-appliance' is provided to build
     fixed appliances that can be copied to other machines that don't
     have febootstrap support
     http://libguestfs.org/libguestfs-make-fixed-appliance.1.html

   - virt-filesystems now displays the parents (containers) of MD
     devices and volume groups

   - virt-alignment-scan, run with no args, displays alignment information
     for all libvirt domains

   - virt-df and virt-alignment-scan will display information from all
     guests even when a disk is inaccessible

   - virt-rescue new --scratch option to make scratch disks
     https://rwmj.wordpress.com/2012/04/26/virt-rescue-scratch/#content

   - virt-make-fs can now be used to create btrfs

   - virt-edit preserves permissions, UID, GID and SELinux context
     when editing files

   - guestfish passes the close event over stdout and remote correctly

   - guestfish new '--pipe-error' option lets you detect errors in pipe
     commands

   - guestfish globs now expand device names

   - comma and colon characters in filenames now handled correctly by
     all virt tools

inspection

   - added support for Fedora 17+

   - added support for FreeDOS

   - added support for Buildroot and Cirros

   - inspection is now compatible with Windows guests that have been
     sysprepped (thanks Grant Williamson).

API

   - broad support for btrfs added, including adding multiple devices,
     fsck, snapshots (thanks Wanlong Gao)

   - the new 'mount-local' API brings FUSE support directly into the
     core libguestfs API
     https://rwmj.wordpress.com/2012/05/14/tip-using-mount-local-api-from-c/#content

   - new man page: guestfs-performance(1), which contains performance
     tuning tips
     http://libguestfs.org/guestfs-performance.1.html

   - new man page: guestfs-faq(1), Frequently Asked Questions
     http://libguestfs.org/guestfs-faq.1.html

   - ENOTSUP (from guestfs_last_errno) is now returned for APIs that
     are not supported

examples

   - 'copy_over' example showing how to copy between two handles

   - 'display_icon' program displays the icon associated with a guest

   - 'mount_local.c' example shows how to use the mount-local API

Security

  (no security problems were found or fixed in this release)

New APIs

  btrfs-device-add: Add devices to a btrfs filesystem.
  btrfs-device-delete: Remove devices from a btrfs filesystem.
  btrfs-filesystem-sync: Sync a btrfs filesystem.
  btrfs-filesystem-balance: Balance a btrfs filesystem.
  btrfs-fsck: Check btrfs filesystem.
  btrfs-set-seeding: Enable or disable seeding.
  btrfs-subvolume-create: Create a btrfs snapshot.
  btrfs-subvolume-delete: Delete a btrfs snapshot.
  btrfs-subvolume-list: List btrfs snapshots and subvolumes.
  btrfs-subvolume-set-default: Set default btrfs subvolume.
  btrfs-subvolume-snapshot: Create a writable btrfs snapshot.
  get-e2attrs: List ext2 file attributes of a file.
  get-e2generation: Get ext2 file generation of a file.
  isoinfo, isoinfo-device: Get information from the header of ISO files.
  llz: List files with SELinux information.
  lvcreate-free: Create an LVM logical volume in % remaining free space.
  md-stat: Return underlying devices from an MD device.
  mkfs-brtfs: Make btrfs filesystem, with all tunables.
  mount-local, mount-local-run, umount-local: FUSE support in the API.
  ntfsclone-in, ntfsclone-out: Save, restore NTFS from backup.
  ntfsfix: Fix common errors and force Windows to check NTFS.
  set-e2attrs: Set or clear ext2 file attributes of a file.
  set-e2generation: Set ext2 file generation of a file.
  set-label: Unified interface for setting filesystem label.
  vgmeta: Get volume group metadata.
  wipefs: Wipe filesystem signatures from a device.
  zero-free-space: Zero free space in a filesystem.

Internals

 - The debian/ subdirectory has been removed.  We recommend you use
   the official Debian packages made by Hilko Bengen.
   http://people.debian.org/~bengen/libguestfs/
   http://packages.debian.org/search?keywords=libguestfs

 - O_CLOEXEC / SOCK_CLOEXEC is now used for almost all file
   descriptors that the library opens.

 - posix_fadvise is called when sequentially reading or writing large
   files.

 - close all file descriptors and remove all signal handlers in the
   recovery process

 - multiple gcc warnings and Coverity bugs have been fixed;  many
   strict-overflow bugs have also been fixed

 - use ./configure --enable-valgrind-daemon to use valgrind on the
   daemon;  many errors have been fixed

 - use ./configure --with-qemu-options to pass extra options to qemu

 - the daemon now has a growable strings buffer type (DECLARE_STRINGSBUF)

 - the <guestfs.h> header file works with C++ and we have a regression
   test for this

 - multiple APIs which should only be called in the CONFIG state now
   give an error if they are not

 - .gitignore fixed to use absolute paths

 - gobject bindings have been expanded, including mapping libguestfs
   events to gobject signals (thanks Matt Booth)

 - gobject documentation is generated properly (thanks Matt Booth)

 - gobject header files now live in a subdirectory

 - CompareWithString test in the generator now works

 - FUInt32, FUInt64 struct field types now use the correct XDR type

 - OCaml tests are now run on bytecode and native code.

 - java -Xlint:all is used, and all warnings have been fixed

 - bmptopng, wrestool (etc) missing or failure no longer prints
   warning messages

 - ruby: Use RbConfig instead of Config.

 - PYTHONPATH is set by the ./run script.

 - appliance building is now thread-safe.

 - appliance now uses 'ip' instead of 'ifconfig' and 'netstat'
   commands

 - several fixes to make parallel builds work properly

 - guestfish --listen now cleans up properly

 - the BUSY state has been removed

 - gettextize has been removed, replaced by a simple Makefile.am

 - gettext support now covers virt-resize, virt-sparsify and virt-sysprep

 - better support for the arm architecture

Bugs fixed

 - 822490 virt-ls error: "libguestfs: error: checksum: path: parameter cannot be NULL"
 - 816839 data overflow error when debug progress -1
 - 816098 virt-make-fs fails to make a btrfs filesystem because it doesn't allocate enough space
 - 811872 inspection fails on ubuntu 10.04 guest with encrypted swap
 - 811650 guestfs_last_error not set when qemu fails early during launch
 - 811649 libguestfs cannot open disk images which are symlinks to files that contain ':' (colon) character
 - 811117 [RFE][virt-sysprep] net-hwaddr not removed from "ifcfg-*" files on rhel
 - 811112 [RFE][virt-sysprep] hostname can not be changed on rhel system
 - 809361 inspection doesn't recognize Fedora 18 (grub2 + GPT)
 - 807905 mkfs blocksize option breaks when creating btrfs
 - 805070 virt-filesystems should show 'parents' of LV and RAID devices
 - 804464 libguestfs cannot be built when LINGUAS is different then ja or uk
 - 803664 libguestfs inspection fails on Windows XP: libguestfs: error: hivex: could not locate HKLM\SYSTEM\MountedDevices
 - 803533 guestfish: write error
 - 802389 event handlers for 'close' event doesn't work in remote mode
 - 802109 libguestfs uses putc on stderr, results in many individual 1 byte writes of debug messages
 - 801640 [RFE] the error reported by resize2fs-M need to be more clear
 - 801298 Possible null dereference and resource leaks
 - 801273 Document for set-pgroup need to be updated
 - 798196 virt-resize confuses format and output_format variables; using --output-format sets the input format
 - 797986 virt-resize on Windows XP in sysprep state causes "UNMOUNTABLE_BOOT_VOLUME" BSOD
 - 796520 [RFE] Prevent user from running some appliance configure commands after appliance boot up
 - 790721 multiprovider build error: RuntimeError: link: /tmp/.guestfs-0/kernel /tmp/.guestfs-0/kernel.10139: File exists
 - 789960 guestfsd crash when try to mount non-exist disk
 - 789504 virt-df (other tools?) should not give up if a guest disk is missing
 - 788641 virt-edit doesn't preserve file permissions
 - 786215 libguestfs inspection does not recognize FreeDOS operating system
 - 786188 libguestfs inspection does not recognize FreeDOS install CD
 - 785668 aug-defnode: daemon crash
 - 784647 Libguestfs uses deprecated net-tools
 - 769304 virt-resize on RHEL 6 kernel fails to re-read the partition table
 - 755729 Error message for resize2fs-M needs tweaking
 - 701814 virt-win-reg fails on a libvirt guest that has no defined disk format: "format parameter is empty or contains disallowed characters"
 - 679737 libguestfs: improve error message when zerofree is not available in the appliance
 - 635971 glob mkfs ext2 /dev/vd[b-t]1 does not expand

RELEASE NOTES FOR LIBGUESTFS 1.16

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.14.0). For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

libguestfs

   - allow XFS filesystems to be created over an existing filesystem
     (Wanlong Gao)

   - the (unspecified) default alignment for part-disk has been
     changed to 64K for better support of high-end network-attached
     storage

   - new guestfs-testing(1) man page

   - list-filesystems returns MD devices containing filesystems
     (Matthew Booth)

   - support for GCC >= 4.7 (Jim Meyering)

   - check user does not add the same drive twice (Wanlong Gao).

language bindings

   - Experimental GObject bindings, with support for GObject
     Introspection.  You can now use libguestfs from Javascript.
     Please note these are not stable and final in this release.
     (Matthew Booth).

   - support for Ruby >= 1.9

   - Ruby bindings can be disabled individually (Hilko Bengen)

   - support for Python 2.6, 3.x (Richard Jones, Hilko Bengen)

   - support for PHP >= 5.4

   - new %guestfs_introspection hash is available in Perl bindings so
     you can query which optional arguments are available

inspection

   - guests with MD devices can be inspected (Matthew Booth)

   - support for GNU/Hurd guests

guestfish

   - libguestfs events (such as progress bar events and log messages) can
     be trapped and processed by user-defined shell scripts.

   - MD devices are tab-completed (Matthew Booth)

virt tools

   - New tool virt-format for erasing and making blank disks

   - virt-sparsify new --compress and -o options to allow for compressed
     and different format output

   - virt-sparsify can now detect and sparsify .vdi files

   - virt-sysprep no longer requires xmlstarlet; a new virt-inspector --xpath
     option has been added to replace this functionality

   - virt-rescue has a new --suggest option which suggests mount commands
     for the guest

   - virt-resize no longer requires OCaml pcre library

libguestfs live

   - daemon will no longer try to edit your live /etc/lvm configuration

   - fix a potential security problem with predictable /tmp names (Steve Kemp)

Security

  CVE-2011-4127, RHBZ#757071
  Mitigate possible privilege escalation via SG_IO ioctl
  For more information, see: https://github.com/libguestfs/libguestfs/commit/9a5f784d511a8f00a8386f316eab41fe660430db

New APIs

  blkid: print all attributes of a device known to blkid (Wanlong Gao)
  e2fsck: access to more features of e2fsck (Wanlong Gao)
  list-md-devices: list of Linux MD devices (Matthew Booth)
  md-create: create an MD device
  md-detail: returns metadata for an MD device (Matthew Booth)
  md-stop: stop an MD device (Wanlong Gao)
  tune2fs: allow ext2/3/4 filesystems to be tuned

Internals

  Git hosting has moved to http://github.com/libguestfs

  The various test directories have been rearranged logically, and now
  all appear under 'tests/'.

  There is a 'make extra-tests' rule which runs ordinary tests and
  additional tests, using valgrind to check for memory problems.

  Multiple memory leaks and other problems found by valgrind and fixed.

  Support for optional arguments in the generator has been rewritten
  to provide more features and safety (Matthew Booth).

  With gcc -fvisibility=hidden is used for internal symbols, avoiding
  call indirection via the PLT.

  RHashtable functions can be tested in the generator.

  ADD_ARG macro in daemon allows arg lists to be constructed without
  risk of stack smashing.

  Fix generation of OCaml functions that have more than 10 arguments.

  psmisc has been added to the appliance, allowing use of 'fuser',
  'killall' and 'pstree' for debugging.

  bindtests now cover RBufferOut and optional arguments (Matthew Booth).

Bugs fixed

 - 769680 temporary directories created during appliance builds are not cleaned up on error
 - 761460 guestfs_utimens hangs on named pipes
 - 761451 guestfs_utimens cannot set times on a directory
 - 760775 "guestfish: multi-boot operating systems are not supported by the -i option" should be more explanatory
 - 760669 guestfish copy-in and <! (inline execution) don't mix well: pclose: No child processes
 - 760000 libguestfs fails to compile with Ruby >= 1.9
 - 755729 Error message for resize2fs-M needs tweaking
 - 750889 Python code incompatible with Python v3.
 - 596761 Ctrl-\ causes guestfish to abort

RELEASE NOTES FOR LIBGUESTFS 1.14

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.12.0). For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

  Erlang bindings.

  virt-alignment-scan is a new tool to check the alignment of
  partitions within virtual machines or disk images.

  virt-sparsify is a new tool to make virtual machine disk images
  sparse.

  virt-sysprep is a new tool to make cloning guests from a template
  simpler.

guestfish

   - New commands setenv, unsetenv, to set environment variables.

   - The input file and line number is printed in error messages.

   - guestfish progress bars are now a "mini-library" used by other
     tools too.

guestmount

   - the --live option (for access to live VMs) now works.

virt-cat

   - virt-cat can now handle Windows paths and drive letters (RHBZ#693359).

virt-filesystems

   - the MBR partition type byte is displayed in --long output.

virt-make-fs

   - virt-make-fs now sets the MBR partition type byte correctly,
     improving compatibility with Windows (RHBZ#746295).

virt-resize

   - virt-resize can now work with guests using extended and logical
     partitions, in particular Ubuntu guests.

   - virt-resize can now align the first partition of Windows guests,
     improving performance.  The new virt-resize --align-first option
     controls this behaviour.

   - The virt-resize --machine-readable flag makes it possible to use
     virt-resize from other programs.

   - Partitions are now aligned to 128 sectors (usually 64K) by
     default.  This improves efficiency on high-end storage.  The new
     virt-resize --alignment option allows the alignment to be
     adjusted.

virt-win-reg

   - The syntax for deleting registry keys and values is documented
     in the man page (RHBZ#737944).

library

   - non-printing characters are escaped correctly in debug output.

   - GUESTFS_EVENT_ENTER is a new event type generated whenever a
     libguestfs function is called.

   - the library contains systemtap/DTrace probes.

   - the library can now be compiled without hivex (RHBZ#723474).

inspection

   - Improve detection of Windows disks.

   - Adds support for:
         ttylinux - a minimal Linux
         Mageia (thanks Michael Scherer)
         OpenSUSE and zypper (thanks Michael Scherer, Vincent Untz)
         Ubuntu logos (thanks Michael Scherer)
         NetBSD and pkgsrc (thanks Michael Scherer)

   - Handle some guest types that use /dev/root in /etc/fstab.

   - Fix handling of guests with > 26 disks (thanks Matthew Booth)

   - Add support for guests with HP Smart Array disks (thanks Matthew Booth)

febootstrap

   - FEBOOTSTRAP_KERNEL, FEBOOTSTRAP_MODULES environment variables can
     be set in order to choose which kernel to use for the appliance.

misc

   - ArchLinux support now working with Linux 3.0 (thanks Erik Nolte)

   - libvirt disks marked <readonly/> are now added readonly when
     using the virt-tools '-d' option.

Security

  (no security problems were found or fixed in this release)

New APIs

  compress-out, compress-device-out, copy-device-to-device,
  copy-device-to-file, copy-file-to-device, copy-file-to-file,
  get-smp, part-to-partnum, set-smp.

  The mount API no longer implicitly adds -o sync,noatime options.

  add-domain has a new 'readonlydisk' optional parameter to control
  how <readonly/> disks are handled.

Internals

 - Coverity was run on the source and more bugs were identified and
   fixed.

 - PCRE library is now required to build libguestfs.

 - APIC is now the default for the appliance.  You can also enable
   SMP support in the appliance.

 - OCaml bindings now correctly acquire GC lock during callbacks.

 - Out of tree builds should now work correctly (thanks Hilko Bengen).

 - ./configure --with-extra="..." can be used by packagers to set
   the extra version string.

 - zero, zero-device APIs: if the blocks already contain zeroes,
   don't write zeroes, so that we don't unnecessarily make the
   underlying storage non-sparse.

 - is-zero, is-zero-device APIs: optimize these so zero detection is
   faster.

Bugs fixed

 - 748266 libguestfs should detect versions of qemu which require -machine pc option
 - 747290 libguestfs ignores <readonly/> in libvirt XML
 - 747287 Misleading error message when permission denied opening a disk image
 - 746295 virt-make-fs doesn't set partition ID
 - 744795 guestmount --live is not usable
 - 737944 virt-win-reg hyphen (delete key) syntax may be wrong, and is not documented
 - 733297 ruby event handlers fail with "exception in callback: wrong argument type Proc (expected Data)"
 - 731744 libguestfs should escape special/non-printing characters in debug output
 - 729887 appliance crashes running aug_init with flags=4
 - 729075 libguestfs confuses Hp_recovery partition with Windows root filesystem
 - 727178 error: luks_open: cryptsetup: error while loading shared libraries: libfipscheck.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
 - 726739 libguestfs: error: aug_get: no matching node, trying to find hostname
 - 723474 If hivex and/or pcre not installed, libguestfs fails to compile
 - 693359 virt-cat and virt-edit don't handle case sensitive NTFS paths properly
 - 678231 virt-inspector reports unknown filesystem UUID
 - 671082 libguestfs does not work with kernel-rt
 - 666578 libguestfs: unknown filesystem label SWAP-sda2
 - 642821 virt-resize falls over on a disk image with a logical swap partition

RELEASE NOTES FOR LIBGUESTFS 1.12

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.10.0). For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

guestfish

   - guestfish strings can use escapes,
     eg. ><fs> write /foo "line 1\nline 2\n"

   - guestfish write-append command can be used to append to files.

   - Long-running file uploads and downloads can be cancelled through the
     API or by hitting ^C in guestfish.

   - New guestfish "display" command for displaying graphical files
     inside guests.

   - In guestfish, tab completion now works on /dev/mapper devices.

virt-inspector

   - Inspection API can get an icon or logo for certain guests.

   - virt-inspector includes the logo and hostname for certain guests.

   - virt-inspector can now get the version and release numbers for RPM
     packages.

   - CentOS and Scientific Linux are now treated as separate distros by
     the inspection API.

virt-resize

   - virt-resize can now handle btrfs.

   - New virt-resize --ntfsresize-force option allows Windows VMs to be
     resized multiple times.

other virt tools

   - guestfish, guestmount, virt-cat, virt-df, virt-edit, virt-filesystems,
     virt-inspector, virt-ls and virt-rescue now allow you to use
     "-d UUID" option to specify a guest by UUID.  This makes them more
     robust to use from other programs.

   - virt-ls -lR option allows complex file iteration and guest analysis.

   - virt-win-reg supports HKEY_USERS\<SID> and HKEY_USERS\<username>.

   - virt-win-reg new option --unsafe-printable-strings allows printable
     strings to be displayed in the output (unsafely: read the documentation
     before using).

   - virt-edit has been rewritten in C.

API and language bindings

   - Java is now completely supported.
     See http://libguestfs.org/guestfs-java.3.html

   - JRuby is supported via the Java bindings.

   - guestfs_close now appears in trace messages.

   - Python binding adds explicit g.close() method.

   - Python programs can now use the new event API.

   - Python GIL is released during libguestfs calls, allowing multithreaded
     Python programs to work properly.

   - 9pfs (Plan 9 filesystems exported from the host) are now supported.

   - Add -DGUESTFS_WARN_DEPRECATED=1 to warn about use of deprecated API
     functions in C programs.

   - New manual page guestfs-recipes(1) with recipes.

   - mkfs-opts can now set inode size and sector size on created filesystems
     (thanks Nikita Menkovich).

   - guestfs_last_errno is now accessible from OCaml (as g#last_errno ()).

Security

 - optargs_bitmask is checked even for calls that have no optional
   arguments.  This closes a possible exploit in the daemon from
   untrusted callers.

New APIs

  btrfs-filesystem-resize, get-pgroup, inspect-get-icon, is-zero,
  is-zero-device, list-9p, list-dm-devices, mount-9p, ntfsresize-opts,
  set-pgroup, write-append

Internals

 - Coverity (a static analysis tool) was run across the codebase and
   many fixes were made.

 - Generator can handle functions that return RBufferOut and have
   optional arguments.

 - Compatible with Perl 5.14.

 - Compatible with gcc 4.6.

 - Perform safety checks on QEMU.

 - C API tests can now fully test calls that have optional arguments.

 - Use ./configure --enable-install-daemon to install /usr/sbin/guestfsd.

 - po-docs directory now covers all man pages.

 - stderr from qemu process is now captured by the event subsystem.

Bugs fixed

 - 602997 part-get-bootable gives wrong result with an unordered part layout
 - 661280 virt-rescue: panic when shutting down: "/sbin/reboot: No such file or directory"
 - 700369 qemu-system-x86_64 says 'KVM not supported for this target'
 - 705200 guestmount attempt results in access denied
 - 714981 'list-filesystems' does not know about virtio 9p filesystems or detect existing mounts
 - 717786 libguestfs python bindings should have an explicit close call
 - 721275 virt-resize in F16 should support btrfs

Release notes for libguestfs 1.10.0

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.8.0). For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

 - libguestfs and tools can be used against live virtual machines.
   See the 'guestfish --live' and 'guestmount --live' options, and (for
   the low-level interface) the new APIs set-attach-method and
   get-attach-method.

 - New virt tools:
   virt-copy-in, virt-copy-out, virt-tar-in, virt-tar-out.

 - libguestfs can get the drive letter mappings for Windows guests.

 - virt-inspector displays drive letter mappings for Windows guests.

 - Drive letters can now be used in virt-edit and guestfish programs
   when operating on Windows guests.

 - virt-resize now works on 32 bit hosts.

 - You can now inspect the install disks and live CDs of many different
   operating systems.

 - guestfish <! cmd which executes a shell cmd and inlines the result.

 - guestfish, guestmount, virt-rescue now all support --ro and --rw
   options, and the default for this can be chosen via a configuration
   file (/etc/libguestfs-tools.conf).

 - New event API allows more than one callback to be registered for
   each event, makes it possible to call the API from other languages,
   and allows nearly all log, debug and trace messages to be rerouted
   from stderr.

 - Greater FHS compliance for temporary files, including using /var/tmp
   for large cached files that should survive reboot (instead of /tmp).

 - guestfish, guestmount -m option allows mount options to be passed
   through to the underlying filesystem.

 - mkfs-opts allows filesystem features to be specified.

 - More intelligent handling of mountpoints, allowing mkmountpoint, mount
   and umount-all commands to work together properly.

 - Trace messages are prefixed with a distinct string, allowing them to
   be easily 'grepped' out from debug output.

 - guestfs_launch (guestfish 'run' command) now produces progress
   messages (a guestfish progress bar) if it takes longer than 5
   seconds to run.

 - Several long-running commands where we are unable to estimate time
   to completion generate "pulse mode" progress events.  Progress bar
   in guestfish has been updated to display these.

 - Publish new example code in: C, Perl, Python, OCaml, Ruby.

 - New virt-dhcp-address example program.

 - The Java and Ruby bindings have been improved greatly.

 - Perl includes a way to get the errno of the last error.

 - Python bindings now compatible with rpyc (thanks Erez Shinan).

 - Transifex is now being used to manage translations.
   http://www.transifex.net/projects/p/libguestfs/

 - Inspection now supports Red Hat Desktop, Slackware distributions.

 - Inspection no longer fails for Windows guests that have two or
   more disks.

 - Inspection can now tell the difference between Windows 2008 Server
   and Windows 7.

 - Inspection can detect 32 bit applications installed in 64 bit
   Windows, running on the WOW64 emulator.

 - A series of protocol fixes has fixed the old bug RHBZ#576879
   which used to cause errors during the upload command to lose
   protocol synchronization.

 - New logo!

Security

  [none]

New APIs

  first-private, get-attach-method, inspect-get-drive-mappings,
  inspect-get-product-variant,
  inspect-get-windows-current-control-set, next-private, resize2fs-M,
  set-attach-method.

Internals

 - The 'HACKING' file is obsolete.  The contents have been moved into
   a section of the guestfs(3) manual page.

 - libguestfs-test-tool simplified.  It no longer needs the static
   binary or tries to construct an ISO.

 - rpcgen-generated files are compiled with -fno-strict-aliasing
   which should be safer (thanks Matt Booth).

 - virt-resize was rewritten in OCaml.

 - guestfish and other tools tested with valgrind; some memory leaks
   were fixed.

Bugs fixed

 - 502533 Updated Polish translation of libguestfs
 - 576879 libguestfs protocol loses synchronization if you 'upload' before mounting disks
 - 599503 document that mkmountpoint and umount-all cannot be mixed
 - 617440 guestfish: fails to tilde expand '~' when the $HOME env is unset
 - 664558 RFE: Allow to set log callback in Ruby bindings
 - 665358 Punjabi Translation Completed (pa_IN)
 - 666577 libguestfs: unknown filesystem /dev/fd0
 - 667610 Multiple bugs, memory leaks in libguestfs ruby bindings
 - 668112 virt-filesystems command fails on guest with corrupt filesystem label
 - 668574 guestfish -i is trying to mount all mounts from /etc/fstab and fails with an error when device doesn't exists
 - 673479 Add a grep-friendly string to LIBGUESTFS_TRACE output
 - 674130 Inspection code fails for Windows guest with two disks
 - 682756 libguestfs trace segfaults when list-filesystems returns error
 - 682979 libguestfs incorrectly detects Red Hat desktop as 'redhat-based' instead of 'redhat'
 - 690819 mkfs fails creating a filesystem on a disk device when using a disk with 'ide' interface
 - 691389 Extended attributes don't work over guestmount (FUSE)
 - 691724 virt-inspector reports unknown filesystem /dev/vda1
 - 692545 inspect-list-applications fails to detect 32 bit apps installed under WOW64 emulator on 64 bit Windows
 - 693324 sfdisk's python interface only accepts lists of type 'list' for the lines parameter

Release notes for libguestfs 1.8

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.6.0). For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

 - Support and packages for Debian and Ubuntu.

 - Daily builds from git repository on Debian and Ubuntu to reduce risk
   of regressions.

 - Port to ArchLinux 'pacman' (thanks Thomas S Hatch).

 - The following tools have been rewritten in C (originally in Perl):

     . virt-cat
     . virt-df
     . virt-inspector
     . virt-ls
     . virt-rescue

 - Some C tools support encrypted guests automatically.  This is
   supported in: guestfish, guestmount, virt-cat, virt-inspector,
   virt-ls.

 - New tool virt-filesystems (in C) which is a replacement for
   virt-list-filesystems and virt-list-partitions, and has a superset
   of the functionality of those tools.

 - guestfish, guestmount and the C tools use unified command line option
   parsing, so they support many common options such as '-a disk.img',
   '-d libvirt-domain', '-x', '-v'.  The old command line option
   parsing is preserved for compatibility in scripts etc.

 - guestfish no longer has any dependencies on Perl

 - New man pages containing programming examples: guestfs-examples(3) (C/C++),
   guestfs-ocaml(3), guestfs-python(3), guestfs-ruby(3).

 - Trace mode prints return values from API functions.

 - virt-inspector can list applications installed in Windows guests, along
   with a great deal of information about those applications.

 - Add support for inspecting: Linux Mint, Mandriva, FreeBSD.

 - guestfish --rw option (with no effect currently) to make potentially
   dangerous write access explicit.

 - guestfish --listen --csh for compatibility with csh, tcsh (thanks
   Eric Blake).

 - The first upstream version that introduced each API function is now
   documented in guestfs(3).

 - guestfs_last_errno allows you to retrieve the errno from the
   daemon, correctly translated to the local operating system.

 - Functions can now have optional parameters.

 - Progress bars and progress notifications can now happen for upload
   commands.

 - Appliance builder more careful about not leaving temporary files
   around in /tmp.

 - getfattr/setfattr commands added to virt-rescue.

 - ROADMAP file covers roadmap and goals for future releases.

Security

 - New SECURITY section in guestfs(3) API documentation.

 - virt-inspector no longer runs any guest commands.

 - Inspection code is more careful about avoiding very large files
   from guests which might previously have caused a denial of service.

 - FUSE calls into guestmount are now traced when using guestmount -x.

New APIs

 - add-domain
 - add-drive-opts
 - getxattr
 - inspect-get-hostname
 - inspect-get-package-format
 - inspect-get-package-management
 - inspect-get-roots
 - inspect-list-applications
 - lgetxattr
 - mkfs-opts

Internals

 - C programs now only link precisely with the libraries that they use.

 - PCRE, libmagic, hivex and libvirt libraries are now completely
   optional for building.

 - Multiple memory leaks and file descriptor leaks fixed.

 - Add a POD wrapper to unify generation of man pages and HTML files
   across all programs.

 - Source includes phony images of Fedora, Debian, Ubuntu and
   Windows guests.

 - Ruby bindings have 'make install' rule.

 - <guestfs.h> is now a single file.

 - <guestfs.h> does not require XDR headers.

 - ocaml xml-light library is no longer required to build (thanks
   Maxim Koltsov).

 - ./configure --disable-[...] for each language binding (thanks
   Maxim Koltsov).

 - Old ocaml-viewer program removed (use guestfs-browser instead).

 - New C API test type 'InitScratchFS' makes the tests run a little
   more quickly.

 - Excluded packages in the appliance are now listed in a separate
   file appliance/excludelist.in, and can be customized per-distro.

Bugs fixed

 - 663407 readlink and readlinklist returns /sysroot/ in some paths
 - 661280 virt-rescue: panic when shutting down: "/sbin/reboot: No such file or directory"
 - 657499 checksum: wrong check sum type causes umount to fail
 - 655554 Whole disk paths are not made canonical by virt-inspector
 - 654638 openssl updated to 1.0.0b libguestfs depends on exact file names
 - 652796 ruby bindings not installed by 'make install', hence omitted from the binary distribution

RELEASE NOTES FOR LIBGUESTFS 1.6

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.4.0). For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

 - Use a new method for creating and caching the appliance.  This
   greatly improves the performance of libguestfs, often by a factor
   of x 4 to x 5.

 - Support for guest inspection (like virt-inspector) via the ordinary
   API and all language bindings.  'guestfish -i' option is as a side-
   effect much quicker.

 - virt-inspector and core inspection API can now detect guests running:
   Fedora, Debian, Ubuntu, Windows, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS,
   Scientific Linux, Gentoo, Pardus, Arch Linux, MeeGo.

 - Support for LUKS whole-disk encryption in guests.

 - PHP bindings.

 - Progress messages (and progress bars in guestfish and virt-resize)
   for certain long-running operations.

 - virt-df is now much more efficient.  Use '--one-per-guest' to restore
   the old per-guest isolation behaviour.

 - guestfish 'copy-in' and 'copy-out' commands for copying files and
   directories recursively in and out of the guest.

 - guestfish 'hexedit' command for doing binary edits to devices and
   files.

 - Change guestfish -i syntax to allow commands to be specified on the
   command line (retaining backwards compatibility).

 - guestfish '-d <domain>' for adding disks from libvirt domains.

 - guestfish '-N' option supports several new prepared disk image types:
         lvfs : disk with LV formatted with filesystem
           lv : disk with LV
     bootroot : boot+root
   bootrootlv : boot and root on LV

 - guestfish 'more' and 'edit' commands now work with arbitrary files.

 - guestfish '--echo-keys' option allows you to echo keys/passphrases
   while typing them.

 - guestmount now supports -a / -d / -i options, like guestfish.

 - Use virtio-serial for communications with the appliance.  This
   also has a major performance benefit.

 - virt-edit '-b' option to create a backup of edited files.

 - virt-edit '-e' option for non-interactive edits to files.

 - Ability to capture core dumps from the appliance (thanks Matthew Booth).

 - virt-rescue now shuts down cleanly (thanks Matthew Booth).

 - virt-rescue now has a --network option to enable network access.

 - virt-resize can now handle guests which use GPT partition table format.

 - virt-resize has better support for shrinking guests.

 - virt-resize supports qcow2-format guests.

 - $TMPDIR can be used to override almost all temporary directory usage.

 - OCaml users can use an alternate OO-style of coding, eg. g#launch ()

 - The API supports calls which take optional parameters, eg.
     $g->add_drive_opts ("disk", readonly => 1);

 - Trace output now escapes and shortens large strings (thanks
   Matthew Booth).

 - Autosync is now on by default, resulting in more reliable behaviour
   when the handle is closed.

 - virt-df --uuid option allows you to follow a domain across migration
   and renaming.

 - Translations of manual pages.

Security

 - CVE-2010-3851 libguestfs: missing disk format specifier when adding a disk
   https://www.redhat.com/archives/libguestfs/2010-October/msg00036.html
   This is comprehensively fixed in this release, and the fix will be
   backported to the other stable branches after more testing.

 - virt-inspector no longer relies on untrusted guest code to list
   applications in some guests.

New APIs

  download-offset, file-architecture, findfs-label, findfs-uuid,
  inspect-os, inspect-get-arch, inspect-get-distro,
  inspect-get-filesystems, inspect-get-major-version,
  inspect-get-minor-version, inspect-get-mountpoints,
  inspect-get-product-name, inspect-get-type, is-blockdev, is-chardev,
  is-fifo, is-lv, is-socket, is-symlink, list-filesystems, luks-add-key,
  luks-close, luks-format, luks-format-cipher, luks-kill-slot,
  luks-open, luks-open-ro, lvm-clear-filter, lvm-canonical-lv-name,
  lvm-set-filter, part-to-dev, pread-device, pwrite-device,
  upload-offset

Internals

 - Use size_t for loop iterators.
 - Refactor the library code into separate files.
 - Refactor the generator code into separate files.
 - Generate guestfish commands.
 - guestfish & guestmount options processing is unified.
 - Protocol changes:
     error message size increased to 64K
     send errno to library
 - Add 'make bindist' to make a binary distribution.
 - Cleaner behaviour under valgrind.
 - More testing of the guestfish command line options and libvirt
   integration.
 - The Perl inspection code is no longer used by any of the tools.

Bugs fixed

 - 646822 libguestfs trace mode should not print long binary strings
 - 646821 virt-df should have --uuid option
 - 646432 /dev/mapper paths should not be returned from guestfs_mountpoints
 - 643624 libguestfs tools documentation should describe how to quote guest domain names from shell
 - 642934 No way to specify disk format when adding a disk to libguestfs
 - 642933 guestfs_list_filesystems should be used in all possible places
 - 642932 guestmount options should match guestfish options
 - 642930 virt-inspector (Sys::Guestfs::Lib) should use C inspection APIs
 - 642929 C inspection code should ignore /dev/fd* in /etc/fstab
 - 642826 virt-resize converts any other image format to raw without notifying user, instructions do not account for this
 - 640961 Document that grub-install might be needed for old Linux guests after virt-resize
 - 639986 virt-df --csv does not properly quote " in libvirt domain names
 - 639405 Interrupted cached appliance creation leaves libguestfs unusable
 - 638901 Appliance filename should not contain repository name
 - 638899 /dev/mapper paths should not be returned from C inspection APIs
 - 636918 Updates to Spanish translation
 - 636061 [abrt] guestfish-1.2.11-1.fc12: malloc_consolidate: Process /usr/bin/guestfish was killed by signal 11 (SIGSEGV)
 - 635969 glob echo mkfs ext2 /dev/vd[b-t]1 prints garbage
 - 634246 guestfs_part_get_parttype returns "loop" when run against a partition, LV or filesystem
 - 633766 virt-resize --shrink fails
 - 633357 Updates to Spanish translation
 - 633096 virt-resize calculates block device size incorrectly, doesn't work with qcow2 target
 - 629593 Dutch translation added
 - 627556 Updates to Spanish translations of libguestfs
 - 626843 Updates to Spanish translations
 - 619793 [RFE] Need a way to determine if a particular block device is a logical volume
 - 618556 virt-rescue return none zero value when exit
 - 617200 mount operation failed and hung on some images which running in read-only mode
 - 610880 libguestfs should set broader read perms on tmpdir, so works in some situations when executed with umask 077
 - 599503 document that mkmountpoint and umount-all cannot be mixed
 - 571714 Running virt-df on disk image relabels it, so qemu can no longer write to it.
 - 502533 Updated Polish translation of libguestfs

RELEASE NOTES FOR LIBGUESTFS 1.4

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.2.0). For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

 - guestfish lets you choose a prepared disk image, eg:
     guestfish -N fs:ext4

 - Add write support to guestmount (FUSE) module.

 - virt-resize can now resize the content of partitions and logical
   volumes in the guest, and we have better support for shrinking guests.

 - Bash tab-completion script for guestfish.

 - Add ZFS support to virt-rescue.

 - New tool 'virt-make-fs' for creating filesystems with content.

 - Allow suffixes on any guestfish number parameter, eg. "1M".

 - guestfish 'man' command opens the manual page.

 - guestfish supports a "heredoc" syntax for uploading files:
     upload -<<_end_ /foo
     content
     _end_

 - Some guestfish commands now print their output in octal or hex
   where appropriate (RHBZ#583242).

 - Allow dash prefix on guestfish command line.  This ignores any
   error from the second command:                   (RHBZ#578407)
     guestfish -- cmd1 : -cmd2 : cmd3

 - guestfish -h / help command now returns an error for non-existent
   commands (RHBZ#597145).

 - New 'supported' command in guestfish to list optional groups of
   commands which are supported by the daemon / configuration.

 - virt-inspector and guestfish -i now work for filenames which
   contain spaces (RHBZ#507810).

 - Change the protocol to use link-local addresses, to avoid
   conflicting with any address that the host might be using
   (RHBZ#588763).

 - libguestfs now sets the correct time and timezone on filesystem
   modifications.

 - Sort the domains into alphabetical order in virt-df.

 - Make mkfs-b command work for FAT and NTFS by mapping the blocksize
   parameter to the cluster size (RHBZ#599464).

 - Add version numbers to Perl modules (RHBZ#521674).

 - Localization now works for all the libguestfs tools (RHBZ#559963).

 - Tools now support filesystem-on-image VMs (RHBZ#590167).

 - virt-list-partitions has a '-t' option to show the total size of disks.

 - Include extra Augeas lenses in the supermin appliance (Matthew Booth).

 - Add error and close callbacks.

 - Add explicit close method in the Perl API.

 - Multiple fixes for RHEL 5 compatibility.

 - Multiple fixes for Debian/Ubuntu compatibility.

 - Multiple revisions to improve the documentation.

Security

 - Fix a potential DoS in virt-inspector and virt-v2v if a specially
   crafted disk image contained a char device in place of one of the
   configuration files that we read under /etc (RHBZ#582484).

New APIs

 - aug-clear - clear Augeas path
 - available-all-groups - return a list of all optional groups
 - base64-in - upload base64-encoded data to file
 - base64-out - download file and encode as base64
 - checksum-device - compute checksums on the contents of a device
 - checksums-out - compute checksums of multiple files in a directory
 - debug-upload - upload a file to the appliance
 - fallocate64 - preallocate a file in the guest filesystem
 - fill-pattern - fill a file with a repeating pattern of bytes
 - get-umask - get the current umask
 - lvresize-free - expand an LV to fill free space
 - ntfsresize - resize an NTFS filesystem
 - ntfsresize-size - resize an NTFS filesystem (with size)
 - part-del - delete a partition
 - part-get-bootable - get the bootable flag of a partition
 - part-get-mbr-id - get the MBR type byte of a partition
 - part-set-mbr-id - set the MBR type byte of a partition
 - pvresize-size - resize a physical volume (with size)
 - pwrite - write to part of a file
 - resize2fs-size - resize an ext2/3/4 filesystem (with size)
 - txz-in - unpack compressed tarball to directory (RHBZ#580556)
 - txz-out - pack directory into compressed tarball (RHBZ#580556)
 - vfs-label - get the filesystem label
 - vfs-uuid - get the filesystem UUID
 - vgscan - rescan for LVM physical volumes, volume groups and logical volumes
 - write - create a new file
 - zero-device - write zeroes to an entire device

Internals

 - Extend the generator to support testing optional features.
 - Stricter checks on input parameters to many calls (RHBZ#501893 RHBZ#501894)
 - Extend the protocol to support sending arbitrary 8 bit data buffers.
 - Ship 'BUGS' file with releases.  This is a summary of the bugs in
   the Red Hat Bugzilla database.
 - Ship 'RELEASE-NOTES' file with releases, containing release notes.
 - Unify supermin appliance building into one place, in febootstrap 2.7.
 - Fix the protocol code to handle the case where both ends send cancel
   messages at the same time.

Bugs fixed

 - 612178 guestfish: using -m option in conjunction with --listen option causes appliance to die
 - 610880 libguestfs should set broader read perms on tmpdir, so works in some situations when executed with umask 077
 - 604691 OCaml bindings are not thread safe
 - 603870 Updates to Spanish translation
 - 602592 [RFE] expose guestfs_close in perl bindings
 - 600977 virt-df -h --csv "Argument .. isn't numeric in printf"
 - 599464 mkfs-b does not support vfat/ntfs
 - 598807 add_cdrom does not work in RHEL 6
 - 598309 part-list and several other cmd failed on libguestfs on RHEL5
 - 597145 guestfish 'help' command should indicate error in exit status with an unknown command
 - 597135 guestfish write-file cmd does not check "size" parameter
 - 597118 A warning should be given in the help of mke2journal-L for the length of label
 - 597112 get-e2uuid should use blkid instead of "tune2fs -l" to get filesystem UUID
 - 596776 virt-inspector doesn't discover modprobe aliases on RHEL 3 guests
 - 596763 Updates to Spanish translation
 - 593292 Updates to Spanish translation
 - 592883 can not edit files on  images mounted with guestmount cmd
 - 592360 Updates to Spanish translation
 - 591250 virt-tar prints "tar_in: tar subcommand failed on directory" if the archive is compressed or not in the right format
 - 591155 virt-tar prints "tar_in: tar subcommand failed on directory" if a disk image is not writable
 - 591142 virt-inspector should give an error for unrecognized disk images
 - 590167 virt-inspector and other virt tools should be able to handle filesystem-on-image VMs
 - 589039 guestfish read-file cmd will cause daemon hang when read large files
 - 588851 guestfs_launch() returns -1, but guestfs_last_error() == NULL
 - 588763 libguestfs should use non-public or link-local addresses for appliance network
 - 588733 Updates to Spanish translation
 - 588651 guestfish 'strings-e' cmd does not give proper error message or hint
 - 587484 lvresize can't reduce size of a volumn
 - 585961 Updates to Spanish translation
 - 585223 ntfsresize should support shrinking filesystems
 - 585222 pvresize should support shrinking PVs
 - 585221 resize2fs should support shrinking filesystems
 - 584038 Updates to Spanish translation
 - 583554 [FEAT] mknod-mode command is needed to set mode explicitly
 - 583242 [RFE] guestfish should print outputs in a suitable base (eg. octal for modes)
 - 582993 guestfish eats words when tab completing case (in)sensitive paths
 - 582953 Misleading help information about lvcreate command
 - 582948 mknod command doesn't make block, character or FIFO devices
 - 582929 mknod doesn't check for invalid mode
 - 582901 guestfish chmod/umask commands do not check invalid mode value
 - 582899 guestfish:sparse is missed from command autocomplete list
 - 582891 [Feature Request] behavior and return value of guestfish umask cmd should be changed
 - 582548 [mknod] umask shouldn't take effect when mode is set explicitly
 - 582484 some guestfish sub commands can not handle special files properly
 - 582252 Updates to Spanish translation
 - 581501 Updates to Spanish translation
 - 580650 virt-inspector warns "No grub default specified at /usr/lib/perl5/Sys/Guestfs/Lib.pm at [...]"
 - 580556 request for libguestfs to support .txz tarballs
 - 580246 tar-in command hangs if uploading more than available space
 - 580016 aug-ls in guestfish does not take augeas variable as argument
 - 579664 guestfish doesn't report error when there is not enough space for image allocation
 - 579608 multiple commands in guestfish can not work for symbol links
 - 579155 libguestfs hangs if qemu doesn't start (in null vmchannel mode)
 - 578407 the prefix '-' in sub-command isn't handled by guestfish in remote control mode
 - 576879 libguestfs protocol loses synchronization if you 'upload' before mounting disks
 - 559963 libguestfs Perl programs do set locale, but still localization doesn't work
 - 521674 Perl modules are unversioned, but should carry version numbers
 - 516096 Race condition in test_swapon_label_0: /sbin/blockdev: BLKRRPART: Device or resource busy
 - 507810 guestfish -i / virt-inspector cannot handle spaces in filenames
 - 502533 Updated Polish translation of libguestfs
 - 501894 Some String parameters should be OptString
 - 501893 String parameters should be checked for != NULL
 - 501889 write-file does not support strings containing ASCII NUL
 - 484986 grub-install fails on virtio disk

RELEASE NOTES FOR HISTORICAL VERSIONS OF LIBGUESTFS

Before 2010 libguestfs did not have official release notes or a formalized version numbering system. However these are links to historically significant versions.

2009-11-10 (1.0.78)

https://www.redhat.com/archives/libguestfs/2009-November/msg00095.html

2009-09-13 (1.0.67)

https://www.redhat.com/archives/libguestfs/2009-August/msg00281.html

2009-07-23 (1.0.64)

https://www.redhat.com/archives/libguestfs/2009-July/msg00059.html

2009-07-14 (1.0.59)

https://www.redhat.com/archives/libguestfs/2009-July/msg00023.html

2009-04-01 (the initial announcement)

http://rwmj.wordpress.com/2009/04/01/libguestfs-access-and-modify-virtual-machine-disk-images/

SEE ALSO

guestfs-examples(1), guestfs-faq(1), guestfs-performance(1), guestfs-recipes(1), guestfs-testing(1), guestfs(3), guestfish(1), http://libguestfs.org/

AUTHOR

Richard W.M. Jones

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (C) 2009-2014 Red Hat Inc.

LICENSE

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.

BUGS

To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

When reporting a bug, please supply: