NAME

guestfs-perl - How to use libguestfs from Perl

SYNOPSIS

 use Sys::Guestfs;
 
 my $g = Sys::Guestfs->new ();
 $g->add_drive_opts ('guest.img', format => 'raw');
 $g->launch ();
 $g->mount ('/dev/sda1', '/');
 $g->touch ('/hello');
 $g->shutdown ();
 $g->close ();

DESCRIPTION

This manual page documents how to call libguestfs from the Perl programming language. This page just documents the differences from the C API and gives some examples. If you are not familiar with using libguestfs, you also need to read guestfs(3). To read the full Perl API, see Sys::Guestfs(3).

ERRORS

Errors from libguestfs functions turn into calls to croak (see Carp(3)).

EXAMPLE 1: CREATE A DISK IMAGE

 #!/usr/bin/perl -w
 
 # Example showing how to create a disk image.
 
 use strict;
 use Sys::Guestfs;
 
 my $output = "disk.img";
 
 my $g = new Sys::Guestfs ();
 
 # Create a raw-format sparse disk image, 512 MB in size.
 $g->disk_create ($output, "raw", 512 * 1024 * 1024);
 
 # Set the trace flag so that we can see each libguestfs call.
 $g->set_trace (1);
 
 # Attach the disk image to libguestfs.
 $g->add_drive_opts ($output, format => "raw", readonly => 0);
 
 # Run the libguestfs back-end.
 $g->launch ();
 
 # Get the list of devices.  Because we only added one drive
 # above, we expect that this list should contain a single
 # element.
 my @devices = $g->list_devices ();
 if (@devices != 1) {
     die "error: expected a single device from list-devices";
 }
 
 # Partition the disk as one single MBR partition.
 $g->part_disk ($devices[0], "mbr");
 
 # Get the list of partitions.  We expect a single element, which
 # is the partition we have just created.
 my @partitions = $g->list_partitions ();
 if (@partitions != 1) {
     die "error: expected a single partition from list-partitions";
 }
 
 # Create a filesystem on the partition.
 $g->mkfs ("ext4", $partitions[0]);
 
 # Now mount the filesystem so that we can add files.
 $g->mount ($partitions[0], "/");
 
 # Create some files and directories.
 $g->touch ("/empty");
 my $message = "Hello, world\n";
 $g->write ("/hello", $message);
 $g->mkdir ("/foo");
 
 # This one uploads the local file /etc/resolv.conf into
 # the disk image.
 $g->upload ("/etc/resolv.conf", "/foo/resolv.conf");
 
 # Because we wrote to the disk and we want to detect write
 # errors, call $g->shutdown.  You don't need to do this:
 # $g->close will do it implicitly.
 $g->shutdown ();
 
 # Note also that handles are automatically closed if they are
 # reaped by reference counting.  You only need to call close
 # if you want to close the handle right away.
 $g->close ();

EXAMPLE 2: INSPECT A VIRTUAL MACHINE DISK IMAGE

 #!/usr/bin/perl -w
 
 # Example showing how to inspect a virtual machine disk.
 
 use strict;
 use Sys::Guestfs;
 
 if (@ARGV < 1) {
     die "usage: inspect_vm disk.img"
 }
 
 my $disk = $ARGV[0];
 
 my $g = new Sys::Guestfs ();
 
 # Attach the disk image read-only to libguestfs.
 # You could also add an optional format => ... argument here.  This is
 # advisable since automatic format detection is insecure.
 $g->add_drive_opts ($disk, readonly => 1);
 
 # Run the libguestfs back-end.
 $g->launch ();
 
 # Ask libguestfs to inspect for operating systems.
 my @roots = $g->inspect_os ();
 if (@roots == 0) {
     die "inspect_vm: no operating systems found";
 }
 
 for my $root (@roots) {
     printf "Root device: %s\n", $root;
 
     # Print basic information about the operating system.
     printf "  Product name: %s\n", $g->inspect_get_product_name ($root);
     printf "  Version:      %d.%d\n",
         $g->inspect_get_major_version ($root),
         $g->inspect_get_minor_version ($root);
     printf "  Type:         %s\n", $g->inspect_get_type ($root);
     printf "  Distro:       %s\n", $g->inspect_get_distro ($root);
 
     # Mount up the disks, like guestfish -i.
     #
     # Sort keys by length, shortest first, so that we end up
     # mounting the filesystems in the correct order.
     my %mps = $g->inspect_get_mountpoints ($root);
     my @mps = sort { length $a <=> length $b } (keys %mps);
     for my $mp (@mps) {
         eval { $g->mount_ro ($mps{$mp}, $mp) };
         if ($@) {
             print "$@ (ignored)\n"
         }
     }
 
     # If /etc/issue.net file exists, print up to 3 lines.
     my $filename = "/etc/issue.net";
     if ($g->is_file ($filename)) {
         printf "--- %s ---\n", $filename;
         my @lines = $g->head_n (3, $filename);
         print "$_\n" foreach @lines;
     }
 
     # Unmount everything.
     $g->umount_all ()
 }

SEE ALSO

Sys::Guestfs(3), guestfs(3), guestfs-examples(3), guestfs-erlang(3), guestfs-golang(3), guestfs-java(3), guestfs-lua(3), guestfs-ocaml(3), guestfs-python(3), guestfs-recipes(1), guestfs-ruby(3), http://libguestfs.org/.

AUTHORS

Richard W.M. Jones (rjones at redhat dot com)

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Red Hat Inc.

LICENSE

This manual page contains examples which we hope you will use in your programs. The examples may be freely copied, modified and distributed for any purpose without any restrictions.

BUGS

To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

When reporting a bug, please supply: