NAME

guestfs-ocaml - How to use libguestfs from OCaml

SYNOPSIS

Module style:

 let g = Guestfs.create () in
 Guestfs.add_drive_opts g ~format:"raw" ~readonly:true "disk.img";
 Guestfs.launch g;

Object-oriented style:

 let g = new Guestfs.guestfs () in
 g#add_drive_opts ~format:"raw" ~readonly:true "disk.img";
 g#launch ();

 ocamlfind opt prog.ml -package guestfs -linkpkg -o prog
or:
 ocamlopt -I +guestfs mlguestfs.cmxa prog.ml -o prog

DESCRIPTION

This manual page documents how to call libguestfs from the OCaml programming language. This page just documents the differences from the C API and gives some examples. If you are not familiar with using libguestfs, you also need to read guestfs(3).

PROGRAMMING STYLES

There are two different programming styles supported by the OCaml bindings. You can use a module style, with each C function mapped to an OCaml function:

 int guestfs_set_verbose (guestfs_h *g, int flag);

becomes:

 val Guestfs.set_verbose : Guestfs.t -> bool -> unit

Alternately you can use an object-oriented style, calling methods on the class Guestfs.guestfs:

 method set_verbose : bool -> unit

The object-oriented style is usually briefer, and the minor performance penalty isn't noticeable in the general overhead of performing libguestfs functions.

CLOSING THE HANDLE

The handle is closed when it is reaped by the garbage collector. Because libguestfs handles include a lot of state, it is also possible to close (and hence free) them explicitly by calling Guestfs.close or the #close method.

EXCEPTIONS

Errors from libguestfs functions are mapped into the Guestfs.Error exception. This has a single parameter which is the error message (a string).

Calling any function/method on a closed handle raises Guestfs.Handle_closed. The single parameter is the name of the function that you called.

EXAMPLE 1: CREATE A DISK IMAGE

 (* Example showing how to create a disk image. *)
 
 open Unix
 open Printf
 
 let output = "disk.img"
 
 let () =
   let g = new Guestfs.guestfs () in
 
   (* Create a raw-format sparse disk image, 512 MB in size. *)
   g#disk_create output "raw" (Int64.of_int (512 * 1024 * 1024));
 
   (* Set the trace flag so that we can see each libguestfs call. *)
   g#set_trace true;
 
   (* Attach the disk image to libguestfs. *)
   g#add_drive_opts ~format:"raw" ~readonly:false output;
 
   (* Run the libguestfs back-end. *)
   g#launch ();
 
   (* Get the list of devices.  Because we only added one drive
    * above, we expect that this list should contain a single
    * element.
    *)
   let devices = g#list_devices () in
   if Array.length devices <> 1 then
     failwith "error: expected a single device from list-devices";
 
   (* Partition the disk as one single MBR partition. *)
   g#part_disk devices.(0) "mbr";
 
   (* Get the list of partitions.  We expect a single element, which
    * is the partition we have just created.
    *)
   let partitions = g#list_partitions () in
   if Array.length partitions <> 1 then
     failwith "error: expected a single partition from list-partitions";
 
   (* Create a filesystem on the partition. *)
   g#mkfs "ext4" partitions.(0);
 
   (* Now mount the filesystem so that we can add files. *)
   g#mount partitions.(0) "/";
 
   (* Create some files and directories. *)
   g#touch "/empty";
   let message = "Hello, world\n" in
   g#write "/hello" message;
   g#mkdir "/foo";
 
   (* This one uploads the local file /etc/resolv.conf into
    * the disk image.
    *)
   g#upload "/etc/resolv.conf" "/foo/resolv.conf";
 
   (* Because we wrote to the disk and we want to detect write
    * errors, call g#shutdown.  You don't need to do this:
    * g#close will do it implicitly.
    *)
   g#shutdown ();
 
   (* Note also that handles are automatically closed if they are
    * reaped by the garbage collector.  You only need to call close
    * if you want to close the handle right away.
    *)
   g#close ()

EXAMPLE 2: INSPECT A VIRTUAL MACHINE DISK IMAGE

 (* Example showing how to inspect a virtual machine disk. *)
 
 open Printf
 
 let disk =
   if Array.length Sys.argv = 2 then
     Sys.argv.(1)
   else
     failwith "usage: inspect_vm disk.img"
 
 let () =
   let g = new Guestfs.guestfs () in
 
   (* Attach the disk image read-only to libguestfs. *)
   g#add_drive_opts (*~format:"raw"*) ~readonly:true disk;
 
   (* Run the libguestfs back-end. *)
   g#launch ();
 
   (* Ask libguestfs to inspect for operating systems. *)
   let roots = g#inspect_os () in
   if Array.length roots = 0 then
     failwith "inspect_vm: no operating systems found";
 
   Array.iter (
     fun root ->
       printf "Root device: %s\n" root;
 
       (* Print basic information about the operating system. *)
       printf "  Product name: %s\n" (g#inspect_get_product_name root);
       printf "  Version:      %d.%d\n"
         (g#inspect_get_major_version root)
         (g#inspect_get_minor_version root);
       printf "  Type:         %s\n" (g#inspect_get_type root);
       printf "  Distro:       %s\n" (g#inspect_get_distro root);
 
       (* Mount up the disks, like guestfish -i.
        *
        * Sort keys by length, shortest first, so that we end up
        * mounting the filesystems in the correct order.
        *)
       let mps = g#inspect_get_mountpoints root in
       let cmp (a,_) (b,_) =
         compare (String.length a) (String.length b) in
       let mps = List.sort cmp mps in
       List.iter (
         fun (mp, dev) ->
           try g#mount_ro dev mp
           with Guestfs.Error msg -> eprintf "%s (ignored)\n" msg
       ) mps;
 
       (* If /etc/issue.net file exists, print up to 3 lines. *)
       let filename = "/etc/issue.net" in
       if g#is_file filename then (
         printf "--- %s ---\n" filename;
         let lines = g#head_n 3 filename in
         Array.iter print_endline lines
       );
 
       (* Unmount everything. *)
       g#umount_all ()
   ) roots

SEE ALSO

guestfs(3), guestfs-examples(3), guestfs-erlang(3), guestfs-golang(3), guestfs-java(3), guestfs-lua(3), guestfs-perl(3), guestfs-python(3), guestfs-recipes(1), guestfs-ruby(3), http://libguestfs.org/, http://caml.inria.fr/.

AUTHORS

Richard W.M. Jones (rjones at redhat dot com)

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (C) 2010-2012 Red Hat Inc.

LICENSE

This manual page contains examples which we hope you will use in your programs. The examples may be freely copied, modified and distributed for any purpose without any restrictions.

BUGS

To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

When reporting a bug, please supply: