NAME

nbd_poll - poll the handle once

SYNOPSIS

 #include <libnbd.h>

 int nbd_poll (struct nbd_handle *h, int timeout);

DESCRIPTION

This is a simple implementation of poll(2) which is used internally by synchronous API calls. On success, it returns 0 if the timeout (in milliseconds) occurs, or 1 if the poll completed and the state machine progressed. Set timeout to -1 to block indefinitely (but be careful that eventual action is actually expected - for example, if the connection is established but there are no commands in flight, using an infinite timeout will permanently block).

This function is mainly useful as an example of how you might integrate libnbd with your own main loop, rather than being intended as something you would use.

RETURN VALUE

This call returns an integer ≥ 0.

ERRORS

On error -1 is returned.

Refer to "ERROR HANDLING" in libnbd(3) for how to get further details of the error.

VERSION

This function first appeared in libnbd 1.0.

If you need to test if this function is available at compile time check if the following macro is defined:

 #define LIBNBD_HAVE_NBD_POLL 1

EXAMPLE

This example is also available as examples/aio-connect-read.c in the libnbd source code.

 /* This example shows how to use the AIO (asynchronous) low
  * level API to connect to a server and read the disk.
  *
  * Here are a few ways to try this example:
  *
  * nbdkit -U - linuxdisk . \
  *   --run './aio-connect-read $unixsocket'
  *
  * nbdkit -U - floppy . \
  *   --run './aio-connect-read $unixsocket'
  *
  * nbdkit -U - pattern size=1M \
  *   --run './aio-connect-read $unixsocket'
  */
 
 #include <stdio.h>
 #include <stdlib.h>
 #include <stdint.h>
 #include <inttypes.h>
 #include <assert.h>
 
 #include <libnbd.h>
 
 #define NR_SECTORS 32
 #define SECTOR_SIZE 512
 
 struct data {
   uint64_t offset;
   char sector[SECTOR_SIZE];
 };
 
 static int
 hexdump (void *user_data, int *error)
 {
   struct data *data = user_data;
   FILE *pp;
 
   printf ("sector at offset 0x%" PRIx64 ":\n",
           data->offset);
   pp = popen ("hexdump -C", "w");
   if (pp == NULL) {
     perror ("popen: hexdump");
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }
   fwrite (data->sector, SECTOR_SIZE, 1, pp);
   pclose (pp);
   printf ("\n");
 
   /* Returning 1 from the callback automatically retires
    * the command.
    */
   return 1;
 }
 
 int
 main (int argc, char *argv[])
 {
   struct nbd_handle *nbd;
   struct data data[NR_SECTORS];
   size_t i;
 
   if (argc != 2) {
     fprintf (stderr, "%s socket\n", argv[0]);
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }
 
   /* Create the libnbd handle. */
   nbd = nbd_create ();
   if (nbd == NULL) {
     fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", nbd_get_error ());
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }
 
   /* Connect to the NBD server over a Unix domain socket.
    * This only starts the connection.
    */
   if (nbd_aio_connect_unix (nbd, argv[1]) == -1) {
     fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", nbd_get_error ());
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }
 
   /* Wait for the connection to complete.  The use of
    * nbd_poll here is only as an example.  You could also
    * integrate this with poll(2), glib or another main
    * loop.  Read libnbd(3) and the source file lib/poll.c.
    */
   while (!nbd_aio_is_ready (nbd)) {
     if (nbd_poll (nbd, -1) == -1) {
       fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", nbd_get_error ());
       exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
     }
   }
 
   assert (nbd_get_size (nbd) >= NR_SECTORS * SECTOR_SIZE);
 
   /* Issue read commands for the first NR sectors. */
   for (i = 0; i < NR_SECTORS; ++i) {
     data[i].offset = i * SECTOR_SIZE;
 
     /* The callback (hexdump) is called when the command
      * completes.  The buffer must continue to exist while
      * the command is running.
      */
     if (nbd_aio_pread (nbd, data[i].sector, SECTOR_SIZE,
                        data[i].offset,
                        (nbd_completion_callback) {
                          .callback = hexdump,
                          .user_data = &data[i],
                        }, 0) == -1) {
       fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", nbd_get_error ());
       exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
     }
   }
 
   /* Run the main loop until all the commands have
    * completed and retired.  Again the use of nbd_poll
    * here is only as an example.
    */
   while (nbd_aio_in_flight (nbd) > 0) {
     if (nbd_poll (nbd, -1) == -1) {
       fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", nbd_get_error ());
       exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
     }
   }
 
   /* Close the libnbd handle. */
   nbd_close (nbd);
 
   exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);
 }

SEE ALSO

nbd_create(3), libnbd(3), poll(2).

AUTHORS

Eric Blake

Richard W.M. Jones

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (C) 2019-2020 Red Hat Inc.

LICENSE

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA